The Case of Roman Dmowski (Beginnings: 1886–1905)
Chapter Five: The Kiliński Revolt
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Chapter Five The Kiliński Revolt
The Collapse of Warsaw Student Radicalism in the First Half of the 1890s in the Kingdom of Poland
The high point of the development of youthful radical groups (one might go so far as to suggest the whole of the radical intelligentsia of the day) in the Kingdom of Poland was the political crisis in the first half of the 1890s. For pro-independence groups the commemoration of the anniversary of the Kościuszko Uprising had a symbolic dimension. Beginning at the start of the 90s with the demonstration in the Botanic Gardens in May 1891, the raising of awareness in Polish public opinion was meant to culminate in a demonstration that had been some time in the making, in honour of the man of the people who had brought the capital to the boil. The word in pro-independence circles was that a new Kiliński was once again going to scheme against the Muscovites.
This rallying of the ‘patriots’ and other pro-independence groups also turned out to be a reference point for home-grown Polish socialist circles. It became just such a catalyst almost by chance. Likewise, the ‘internationalists’ at the university and the socialist groupings which had sprung up in the mid-eighties: Proletariat II calling for active revolutionary work, and the Union of Polish Workers, laying emphasis on its legalistic programme, had no intention of focussing their efforts on student circles. But in fact that...
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