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Christentum und Menschenrechte in Europa

Perspektiven und Debatten in Ost und West

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Edited By Vasilios N. Makrides, Jennifer Wasmuth and Stefan Kube

Der Band geht auf eine internationale Konferenz in Erfurt zurück und ist den aktuellen Beziehungen zwischen Christentum und Menschenrechten in Europa gewidmet. Die Veröffentlichung der offiziellen Position der Russischen Orthodoxen Kirche zu den Menschenrechten im Jahre 2008 hat der Diskussion eine neue Dynamik verliehen und intensive Debatten in Ost- und Westeuropa ausgelöst. Die verschiedenen Beiträge behandeln einerseits das russische orthodoxe Dokument zu den Menschenrechten in seinen diversen Dimensionen, sowohl im russischen und breiteren orthodoxen Kontext als auch in seinem Verhältnis zu den westlichen christlichen Kirchen und europäischen säkularen Akteuren und Institutionen. Andererseits werden Positionen zu den Menschenrechten aus katholischer und evangelischer Sicht auf prägnante Weise präsentiert und die Ambivalenzen des modernen Menschenrechtsdiskurses zwischen Säkularismus und Religion thematisiert.
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The Theological Hermeneutics of The Russian Orthodox Church’s Basic Teaching on Human Dignity, Freedom and Rights

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Cyril Hovorun

This chapter is written by a member of the working group that prepared the document entitled “The Russian Orthodox Church’s Basic Teaching on Human Dignity, Freedom and Rights” and provides the general background of this document. The “Teaching” consists of two components: political and theological. The author focuses on the latter, for which he bore a responsibility in the group. He informs that the theological rationale of the document is anchored in the distinction between the dignity of human nature and a person’s dignified life. This serves as the fundament for another distinction crucial for the argumentation in the document: between freedom as the capacity of choice, and freedom as the liberation from sin for God’s love. The author argues that despite the political ambiguity of the document, its theological ground is rooted in the Christian tradition and is useful for substantiating the very idea of human rights.

The Russian Orthodox Church’s Basic Teaching on Human Dignity, Freedom and Rights1 was adopted by the Bishops’ Council of the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) in June 2008. It is one of the key documents in the corpus of social doctrine of the Moscow Patriarchate, which started to develop with the so-called Bases of the Social Concept of 2000. The Bases touched on such issues as church, nation, state and politics; Christian ethics and secular law; property, labour and its fruits; war and peace; crime, punishment and correction; personhood, family and public morality; personal and...

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