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Chinese Culture in a Cross-Cultural Comparison

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Michael B. Hinner

Chinese culture has a very long and extraordinary tradition. With China’s rapid economic growth and a population of more than one billion people, China has become a very important market for many companies. In order to conduct business in a particular country, it is necessary to also understand the culture of that country. After all, culture influences people’s behavior and communication – also in the world of business. That is why an understanding of a country’s culture is crucial when communicating with all relevant stakeholders including its consumers, businesses, employees, and government authorities. This eighth volume of the Freiberger Beiträge seeks to provide some essential insights into Chinese culture to help improve transactions and relationships with Chinese stakeholders. The contributing authors help explain the various facets of Chinese culture revolving around communication, business negotiations, and conflict management.
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The "Harmony" Philosophy in Chinese Culture and Its International Communication

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Introduction to The “Harmony” Philosophy in Chinese Culture and Its International Communication

By Sanjiu Yan and Feng Liu

Samjiu Yan and Feng Liu present a brief overview of “harmony” and its role in Chinese culture. They note that harmony has been a Chinese core for a very long time and continues to be so even today. According to the authors, harmony can be categorized by three aspects; namely, interpersonal harmony, harmony of man and society, and harmony of man and nature. The three pillars of Chinese culture are Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism which all contain the pursuit of harmony, Samjiu Yan and Feng Liu point out. So it is not surprising that harmony is a core value of Chinese culture in the past and today.

According to the authors, modern Chinese politicians seek to strive for a harmonious world which includes socialism. In fact, the three aspects of harmony are interpreted to mean that they are the foundation of socialism. Consequently, dissenting voices in society are said to interrupt the harmony of man and society. Samjiu Yan and Feng Liu acknowledge that many other cultures also include the element of harmony because it is, for example, also a central tenet of Christianity and Islam.

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