Not only scientific research, but also modern-day social life, is demonstrating a strongly renewed interest in ‘chance’ – a theme that has accompanied the whole history of human thought. This volume brings together many of the topics in which chance, or randomness, plays a significant role.
The interest in randomness has been accentuated by the emergence of theories and concrete phenomena, which appear to be homing in upon the complex, many-sided, multidimensional and uncertain aspects of reality, such as the dynamics of living or economic systems, or of technological and political trends. Furthermore, in scientific and technological fields, there is a growing need for ‘good’ random sequences of numbers or symbols for use in simulation or testing activities, cryptographic methods, and so on.
Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien, 2008. 284 pp., 20 ill.
Contents: Massimo Negrotti: Chance would be a fine thing – Denis L. Baggi: The Use of Randomness in the Simulation of Creativity
– Danila Bertasio: And Narcissus returns to die in the arms of chance – Aldo Celeschi: Chance: from problem to product – Mariella
Combi: Chance as a cultural event – Mario Compiani: The ambivalent role of chance in modern scientific culture – Maurizio
Dapor: In praise of chance – Masanori Funakura: Micro Rationality-Randomness and Macro Rationality in Tool Culture: Reciprocity
Between Technological and Social intelligences – José M. Galván: Creation and Casuality: The Case in Christian Theological
Anthropology – Giuseppe Lanzavecchia: Chance: a law of nature or a cultural construction? – Stefano A. E. Leoni: Some questions
on managing randomness by musical performer: about ‘indeterminacy’ (maybe: ‘uncertainty’) and ‘cruces’ (or knots, maybe: hubs?)
– Giorgio Mainini: Randomness: a course in survival – Sabrina Moretti: Chance and probability in bioinformatics – Ephraim
Nissan: Chance vs. causality, and a taxonomy of explanations – Giuseppe Padovani: Chance and Sense of Action – Fumihiko Satofuka:
Rationality and randomness in the skill formation of ‘Takumi’ as Japanese traditional culture.