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Yearbook of the Artificial. Vol. 5

Natural Chance, Artificial Chance


Massimo Negrotti

Not only scientific research, but also modern-day social life, is demonstrating a strongly renewed interest in ‘chance’ – a theme that has accompanied the whole history of human thought. This volume brings together many of the topics in which chance, or randomness, plays a significant role.
The interest in randomness has been accentuated by the emergence of theories and concrete phenomena, which appear to be homing in upon the complex, many-sided, multidimensional and uncertain aspects of reality, such as the dynamics of living or economic systems, or of technological and political trends. Furthermore, in scientific and technological fields, there is a growing need for ‘good’ random sequences of numbers or symbols for use in simulation or testing activities, cryptographic methods, and so on.
Contents: Massimo Negrotti: Chance would be a fine thing – Denis L. Baggi: The Use of Randomness in the Simulation of Creativity – Danila Bertasio: And Narcissus returns to die in the arms of chance – Aldo Celeschi: Chance: from problem to product – Mariella Combi: Chance as a cultural event – Mario Compiani: The ambivalent role of chance in modern scientific culture – Maurizio Dapor: In praise of chance – Masanori Funakura: Micro Rationality-Randomness and Macro Rationality in Tool Culture: Reciprocity Between Technological and Social intelligences – José M. Galván: Creation and Casuality: The Case in Christian Theological Anthropology – Giuseppe Lanzavecchia: Chance: a law of nature or a cultural construction? – Stefano A. E. Leoni: Some questions on managing randomness by musical performer: about ‘indeterminacy’ (maybe: ‘uncertainty’) and ‘cruces’ (or knots, maybe: hubs?) – Giorgio Mainini: Randomness: a course in survival – Sabrina Moretti: Chance and probability in bioinformatics – Ephraim Nissan: Chance vs. causality, and a taxonomy of explanations – Giuseppe Padovani: Chance and Sense of Action – Fumihiko Satofuka: Rationality and randomness in the skill formation of ‘Takumi’ as Japanese traditional culture.