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Sport and Doping

The Analysis of an Antagonistic Symbiosis

Eike Emrich and Werner Pitsch

Do elite sport and doping form an antagonistic symbiosis in which both partners can live neither with nor without each other? From its very beginnings to the present day the phenomenon of doping has probably gone hand in hand with modern professional sport performed for a monetary reward. The contributions provide insight into this symbiosis from the perspectives of sociology, economics, and law. They show that different intertwined surrounding conditions and social processes enable the use of doping substances. Individual and collective actors produce this phenomenon as an unintended consequence of their purposeful social behaviour. These interdependent influences produce a dynamic equilibrium from which many actors benefit.
Contents: Eike Emrich/Werner Pitsch: Introduction – Werner Pitsch/Peter Maats/Eike Emrich: The frequency of doping in elite sport - a replication study – Jens Flatau/Frank Schröder: Motivations of elite athletes for and against doping substance use – Frank Daumann: Doping in elite sport from the economic perspective – Werner Pitsch/Monika Frenger/Eike Emrich: The impact of anti-doping legislation in Europe - outlines for the development of model-based hypotheses – Werner Pitsch: Doping controls between test theory and ethics - unintended consequences of in principle imperfect doping tests – Eike Emrich/Werner Pitsch: The doping control market - Are investments into a faked honesty more rewarding than honesty itself? – Katja Senkel/Eike Emrich/Carsten Momsen: Measures to increase compliance on the part of the international sports federations in the fight against doping - some thoughts on the effectiveness of incorporating the principle of subsidiarity into the WADC – Katja Senkel: «Strict liability», presumption of guilt and reciprocity in anti-doping measures initiated by sports associations – Carsten Momsen: Criminal penalties in the fight against doping?