The Global Legacy
Edited By Michael Adrian Peters and Tina Besley
Chapter Fourteen: How the MST’s Educational Principles in Brazil Respond to Global Capitalism, Neoliberalism, and “Reactionary Postmodernity”
How the MST’s Educational Principles in Brazil Respond to Global Capitalism, Neoliberalism, and “Reactionary Postmodernity”
JÚLIO EMÍLIO DINIZ-PEREIRA
This chapter discusses how the Landless Workers Movement (Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra, or simply, MST), one of the largest and most important social movements in contemporary Latin America, which has struggled for agrarian reform as well as social and economic justice in Brazil, responds to three very important issues under which we live: global capitalism, neoliberalism, and, in Paulo Freire’s words, “reactionary postmodernity.” One of the lessons that the MST has learned from its history in Brazil is that it is not enough to struggle only for land. Education is also a quite important dimension of the MST’s struggles. The MST pedagogy is linked to collective work and the construction of humanist and socialist values. Therefore, this chapter discusses how the MST’s educational principles respond to these three very intertwined, contemporary issues. ← 221 | 222 →
Many scholars from several academic areas all over the world have been discussing the various phenomena associated with increasing globalization and its impact on different sectors of society. Well-known intellectuals such as Anthony Giddens, Boaventura de Sousa Santos, Eric Hobsbawm, Manuel Castells, Paul Hirst, Stuart Hall, William Robinson, and many others, assuming distinct political positions in this debate, contribute to the analyses of these highly complex phenomena. Indeed, as stated by Stromquist and Monkman (2000), “Globalization has many...
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