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European Questionnaire for Job Analysis (EQJA)

Theoretical and Methodological Bases

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Edited By Adam Biela

This book shows what kind of theoretical and methodological bases should pertain to contemporary job analysis. The authors describe the European Questionnaire for Job Analysis as a new psychometric and econometric tool to measure the specific job requirements for work efficiency in the particular job positions in a company. Job analysis is primarily an object of interest in work and industrial psychology. However, currently there is an increasing number of interdisciplinary researchers, that is psychologists collaborating with economists, sociologists and other social science representatives, on work position analysis. The attractiveness of such research projects lies both in their theoretical and methodological mutual enrichments of collaborating psychologists and economists as well as in the subsequently increasing work efficiency and job satisfaction of the persons employed on the particular work positions.

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1.3. How to Integrate Psychological Theories and Approaches as a Base for Job Analysis? (Adam Biela)

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Adam Biela

1.3. How to Integrate Psychological Theories and Approaches as a Base for Job Analysis?

Abstract: This chapter states that job analysis must have a multidimensional character because of its multipurposive character. It requires a multitheoretical platform for the construction of the observational questionnaire for such analysis in order to avoid methodological eclecticism; i.e., to integrate the concepts and terms from various theories.

Until now we have discussed some epistemological and methodological issues of job analysis (see 1.1.) and the psychometric requirements for the outcomes of job analysis and its tools (see 1.2.). However, it is evident that job analysis, as mainly based on observational questionnaires, firstly requires a theoretical background. Simply speaking, each observational unit related to any job analysis questionnaire item should have a relationship with the hypothetical construct in psychological theory, even if there are no theoretical items in any valuable job analysis questionnaire.

Why a multitheoretical approach in job analysis?

It is obvious that the object of job analysis is complex. This is not only because of its multidimensional nature but also because job analysis itself has a multipurposive character. That is why such an approach must be considered when constructing job analysis questionnaires which would allow for multitheoretical analysis of the various dimensions and aspects of the job requirement.

A multitheoretical approach is also necessary because of the purposive reason of job analysis itself. This reason requires us to consider additional theories...

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