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The Lexis of the Bay of Kotor: The Northwestern and Southeastern Area

The Language of the Boka Bay


Sanja Crnogorac

The book examines the complex lexis of the northwestern and southeastern Bay of Kotor, Montenegro. The author analyzed loanwords which arrived by the influence of those who settled in the Bay (Venetians, Austro-Hungarians, Turks, Spaniards, and French). They were domesticated and spread to the continental part of Montenegro, a fact indicative of the level of linguistic integration. The analysis of the corpus was performed from phonological, morphological, etymological, accentual, phraseological, semantical, onomastic, lexical, and lexicographical perspectives. The principal intent is not only to present the infiltration of loanwords and changes in loans, but also of the variety of linguistic influences in the Bay, as well as to offer a dictionary of the most frequent Latinisms found in the Bay.

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0. Introduction


The first traces of civilization in the Bay of Kotor date back to the period of the Ilyrian state, during the 4th century BC. Ilyrian tribe Ardiei, whose queen was Teuta, lived in this area later during this period. Teuta ruled from Risin – named Rizinijum back then. It was in Risan where the first traces of Ilyrian language were found. Its written sources date from the year 228, when the queen Teauta defended Risan from the Romans. Alongside Ilyrian settlements, Greek ones emerged as well, such as Budva and Solila. The Romans conquered Ilyrik in the year 168 and ruled the Bay of Kotor until 476. Risan was the main settlement in the Boka Bay in that period, and thus the entire bay was named the Risan Bay (Rizonik-os kolpos, Sinus Risonicus), from the time of the Ilyrian rule until the 12th century. Later, in addition to Risan, Kotor, and Byzantine, stronghold Rose flourished. Rose took over a part of the administrative and religious management of Boka. The Byzantine empire ruled Boka from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 until the emergence of the Vojislavljević dynasty in Duklja. After King Mihailo Vojislavljević freed his realm of Byzantine power, the town of Kotor became a part of the Kingdom of Duklja. This enabled Duklja and Byzantine government to switch sovereignty over Kotor, various times. The town of Kotor had its own administration including the Parliament and the Duke presiding it. The city developed an autonomous local government based...

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