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Information Nightmare: Fake News, Manipulation and Post-Truth Politics in the Digital Age

Edited By Tirşe Erbaysal Filibeli

Today, we live in a post-truth era. Creating alternative realities, and making people believe fake realities become easier. Digital platforms tend to promote dramatic, sensational and emotional content that harms democracy. This book examines different aspects of the matter: rise of populist politics, impact of digital social platforms, engagement-oriented algorithms, spread of disinformation and counter-measures like fact-checking mechanism and developing digital media literacy skills.

 

"Journalists, academics and civil society groups are increasingly working together to help people confront the confusion caused by the post-truth realities of digital communications, which is no longer the stuff of propaganda from the state, but comes from all sides of the internet. In this information space every fact is challenged by an alternative fact, and all of these different versions of the truth look the same online."

– Aidan White

Foreword....................................................................................................................     9

Yasemin Giritli İnceoğlu

Acknowledgments  .................................................................................................    13

Contributors ...........................................................................................................     15

1.   Disinformation Warfare in the Post-Truth Era: An Attempt for Classification  .....................................................................................................     21

Orhan Şener and Hossein Derakhshan

2.   The State of (Dis)information Sphere: The Rise of Fact-Checking Initiatives  ...........................................................................................................     33

Tirşe Erbaysal Filibeli

3.   From Useful Idiots to Useful Facts: What Is Behind the Fake News Debate?  ..............................................................................................................     49

Sarphan Uzunoğlu and Ahmet Alphan Sabancı

4.   The Accuracy Crisis of (Online) Journalism in Turkey: Unverified News Reports During the 2018 Presidential Campaign  .............................     63

Can Ertuna

5.   Breaking News: A Look into Turkey’s Polarized Mobile News Notifications ......................................................................................................     77

Emre Kızılkaya

6. Fake News and Politics in Italy  ......................................................................... 93

Giovanni Brancato and Melissa Stolfi

7. Populism and Media in Turkey: Partners in Crime  .................................... 107

Burak Özçetin and Ayşegül Akaydın Aydın
Contents14

8.   Mapping the Mechanics of Truth: Fake News and Suburban Young Adult News Consumers in India  .................................................................... 125

Sushmita Pandit

9.   Understanding the Dark Social and Shedding Light on Online Deception among Children  ............................................................................ 139

Sinan Aşçı

10.   Survival in the New Communicative Sphere: Is Media Literacy the Remedy?  .......................................................................................................... 155

Eylem Yanardağoğlu and Dilara Eldaş Baş

11.   New Literacies for Disinformation and Manipulation Through Digital Sound and Video  ............................................................................... 169

Orhan Şener

12.   Online Foreign News: Are We Capable of Recognizing Manipulation?: The Role of Political Competence and Media Literacy Context  ............................................................................................. 181

Vasyl V. Kucherenko

Afterword. Digital Disorder: The Challenges of Taming Big Tec  ................... 197

Aidan White

List of Figures  ......................................................................................................... 207

List of Tables ........................................................................................................... 209