The book deals with the problem of anti-utopian way of thinking in literature, its preconditions, and variations in the 20th century. Moreover, it is a first attempt to read one of the most prominent Georgian texts – Jakho’s Dispos-sessed by the Georgian writer Mikheil Javakhishvili – in the context of anti-uto-pian thinking. The book aims to present how relevant 20th century Georgian literature is to this literary trend. Research was conducted in the frame of comparative studies. The book offers a comprehensive analysis of Vladimir Nabokov’s Invitation to a Beheading and Bend Sinister, and Jakho’s Dispos-sessed by Mikheil Javakhishvili.