Before the Wars

Churchill as Reformer (1910 – 1911)- With a Foreword by Sir Martin Gilbert

by Alan Baxendale (Author)
©2012 Monographs XIV, 231 Pages
Series: Peter Lang Ltd.


Winston Churchill will be forever known as the great statesman who bravely led Britain through the war years, but what led the young Churchill down this path to greatness? What motivated him to become the future leader?
Delving into documentary records in the Home Office archive, Alan S. Baxendale brings to light the young Churchill’s war at home while Home Secretary from February 1910 to October 1911. Passionate about reforming prison treatment and sentencing, Churchill engaged with his senior Home Office staff and His Majesty’s Prison Commissioners in a daily discussion of the business of criminal justice. With a focus on his working methods and relationships with his staff, Baxendale offers a new look at Churchill as a young and talented politician whose leadership led to innovative reforms that are still influential today.
This book makes an important contribution to the ongoing debate about the criminal justice system, providing a crucial addition to our understanding of the history of prison reform. It also gives us valuable insight into Churchill as a person, shedding light on his formative years as a minister and providing us with important clues to how he became one of the most successful politicians of modern times.


XIV, 231
ISBN (Softcover)
Publication date
2010 (February)
Sociology Political history Social history Law
Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Wien, 2012. XIV, 231 pp.

Biographical notes

Alan Baxendale (Author)

Alan S. Baxendale was the first professional educator to serve as Chief Education Officer to the Secretary of State at the Home Office (1967–1985). During his tenure, he made lasting improvements to prison education programmes, for which he received an honorary MA from The Open University in 1981. He was awarded an OBE on his retirement in 1985 and went on to complete an Mphil at Queen Mary, University of London. He passed away in October 2010.


Title: Before the Wars