No Women Jump Out!

Gender Exclusion, Labour Organization and Political Leadership in Antigua 1917-1970

by Christolyn Williams (Author)
©2013 Thesis X, 242 Pages


This book aims to provide a history of twentieth-century labour in the British colony of Antigua and Barbuda. It documents the labour and class struggles between landowners and peasants both before and after the legalization and formation of trades and labour unions in 1940. It exposes the political and racial dynamics of British colonialism in the eastern Caribbean as never before. The racial dynamics are evident between white colonial administrators, landowners and mill and factory owners, as they struggled to maintain control over a black and coloured population in a changing world.
The long overlooked history of the role of the British Trades Union Congress (TUC) in facilitating the end of British colonialism is one of the surprising stories of this book, as is the astonishing role of women. Despite their exclusion from labour and trade union history, oral sources show women played a key role as labour organizers who defied employers by planning meetings and actively recruiting union members. They were always there, as domestic workers in urban areas, in the fields and in the factories. They served as recruiters and organizers, carried the lights for outdoor meetings and encouraged and stood behind the union leaders. Despite their central role, they did not «jump out», and their stories became forgotten, overlooked even, in the history of Caribbean labour.


X, 242
ISBN (Softcover)
Publication date
2013 (February)
history colonialism racial dynamics
Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Wien, 2013. X, 242 pp., 10 tables

Biographical notes

Christolyn Williams (Author)

Christolyn A. Williams is Professor of History at the State University of New York and recipient of the SUNY Chancellors Award for Excellence in Teaching. She holds the endowed chair for Global Literature at Westchester Community College. She is the author of biographical sketches of V.C. Bird and Tim Hector in the Encyclopaedia Of African-American Culture and History: The Black Experience In The Americas and Childhood in Antigua and Barbuda, in The Greenwood Encyclopaedia of Children’s Issues Worldwide.


Title: No Women Jump Out!