The Greek Imperative Mood in the New Testament

A Cognitive and Communicative Approach

by Joseph D. Fantin (Author)
©2010 Monographs XVI, 406 Pages
Series: Studies in Biblical Greek, Volume 12


The imperative mood as a whole has generally been neglected by Greek grammarians. The Greek Imperative Mood in the New Testament: A Cognitive and Communicative Approach utilizes insights from modern linguistics and communication theory in order to propose an inherent (semantic) meaning for the mood and describe the way in which it is used in the New Testament (pragmatics). A linguistic theory called neuro-cognitive stratificational linguistics is used to help isolate the morphological imperative mood and focus on addressing issues directly related to this area, while principles from a communication theory called relevance theory provide a theoretical basis for describing the usages of the mood. This book also includes a survey of New Testament and select linguistic approaches to the imperative mood and proposes that the imperative mood is volitional-directive and should be classified in a multidimensional manner. Each imperative should be classified according to force, which participant (speaker or hearer) benefits from the fulfillment of the imperative, and where the imperative falls within the event sequence of the action described in the utterance. In this context, sociological factors such as the rank of participants and level of politeness are discussed together with other pragmatic-related information. The Greek Imperative Mood in the New Testament is a valuable teaching tool for intermediate and advanced Greek classes.


XVI, 406
ISBN (Hardcover)
Publication date
2011 (June)
Greek grammar-New Testament imperative mood commands and prohibitions relevance theory neuro-cognitive stratificational linguistic theory
New York, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, Oxford, Wien, 2010. XVI, 406 pp., num. ill.

Biographical notes

Joseph D. Fantin (Author)

The Author: Joseph D. Fantin is Associate Professor of New Testament at Dallas Theological Seminary where he earned his Ph.D. writing a dissertation on the Greek imperative mood. He also earned his M.A. in linguistics at Michigan State University and an additional Ph.D. at the University of Sheffield writing in the area of the Greco-Roman contexts of Paul. Fantin’s research interests include the first-century world, Greek language and linguistics, exegetical method, and exegesis of the prison epistles. Fantin is the author of The Lord of the Entire World: Lord Jesus, A Challenge to Lord Caesar? (forthcoming).


Title: The Greek Imperative Mood in the New Testament