Education and Tolerance

A Comparative Quantitative Analysis of the Educational Effect on Tolerance

by Lenka Drazanova (Author)
©2017 Monographs 288 Pages


This book examines to what extent the effect of education on political and social tolerance varies cross-nationally. It gives an inventory of micro- and macro- level factors moderating this effect. The empirical analysis is based on comparative surveys across 24 and 33 countries at two time points. Results indicate that the positive effect of education does not always overcome the negative effects of personality characteristics and low socio-economic status. Moreover, education contributes to more tolerant views only in countries with certain political, socio-economic and cultural background. Overall, the book argues that there are several micro- and macro-level conditions that should be fulfilled before one may proclaim education as the universal problem solver.

Table Of Contents

  • Cover
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • About the author(s)/editor(s)
  • About the book
  • This eBook can be cited
  • Table of Contents
  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • Acknowledgements
  • 1. Introduction: Education and Tolerance
  • 1.1 The Concept of Tolerance
  • 1.2 Literature, Data, Methods and Models: What to Expect
  • 1.3 Structure of the Book
  • 2. Theories Explaining the “Liberalising” Effect of Education on Attitudes and Values
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 The Effect of Education on Tolerance
  • 2.3 Competing Explanations for the Effect of Education on Tolerance
  • 2.3.1 Individual-level Explanations
  • 2.3.2 Contextual-level Explanations
  • 2.4 Other Sources of Tolerance
  • 3. Models of the Effects of Education on Political and Social Tolerance
  • 3.1 Data
  • 3.1.1 Micro-level Data
  • 3.1.2 Macro-level Data
  • 3.2 Political and Social Tolerance
  • 3.2.1 Political Tolerance
  • 3.2.2 Social Tolerance
  • 3.3 Sources of Tolerance
  • 3.3.1 Individual-level Sources of Tolerance
  • 3.3.2 Contextual-level Sources of Tolerance
  • 3.4 Empirical Strategy: Model Specification
  • 4. What Links Education to Tolerance? Psychological Predispositions and Socio-economic Conditions
  • 4.1 Introduction and Research Questions
  • 4.2 Political Tolerance
  • 4.2.1 The Conditional Effect of Education on Political Tolerance
  • 4.3 Social Tolerance
  • 4.3.1 The Conditional Effect of Education on Social Tolerance
  • 4.4 Discussion
  • 5. Education and Tolerance Around the World: What Factors Lead to Differences Between Countries?
  • 5.1 Introduction and Research Questions
  • 5.2 Political Tolerance
  • 5.2.1 Macro-level Characteristics Moderating the Effect of Education on Political Tolerance
  • 5.3 Social Tolerance
  • 5.3.1 Macro-level Characteristics Moderating the Effect of Education on Social Tolerance
  • 5.4 Discussion
  • 6. Conclusion: Implications for Research, Policy and Practice
  • 6.1 Overview
  • 6.2 Summary of Findings: Answering the Research Questions
  • 6.3 Limitations of the Study and Directions for Future Research
  • 6.4 Final Remarks
  • A. Tables
  • B. Figures
  • Bibliography
  • Series index

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List of Figures


ISBN (Hardcover)
Publication date
2017 (June)
Political tolerance Social tolerance Educational effect Multilevel modelling Attitudes formation Comparative studies
Frankfurt am Main, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Warszawa, Wien, 2017. 288 pp., 91 b/w ill., 1 coloured ill., 18 tables

Biographical notes

Lenka Drazanova (Author)

Lenka Dražanová is a postdoctoral researcher in political attitudes formation, sociology of education and quantitative methodology at the Humboldt University in Berlin, where she also obtained her PhD. She pursued her M.A. at the Central European University in Budapest and was a doctoral visiting fellow at the European University Institute in Florence.


Title: Education and Tolerance