International Criminal Tribunals as Actors of Domestic Change

The Impact on Media Coverage, Volume 2

by Klaus Bachmann (Volume editor) Irena Ristić (Volume editor) Gerhard Kemp (Volume editor)
©2019 Edited Collection 136 Pages
Series: Studies in Political Transition, Volume 12


Do International Criminal Tribunals trigger social change, provide reconciliation, stabilize fragile post-conflict societies? Many authors claim they do, but they base their assumptions mainly on theoretical considerations and opinion polls. The editors and authors of this book take a different position: based on extensive field research in nine European and African countries, they examine whether tribunal decisions resulted in changes in media frames about the conflicts which gave rise to the creation of these tribunals. International Tribunals hardly ever shape or change the grand narratives about wars and other conflicts, but they often manage to trigger small changes in media frames which, in some cases, even lead to public reflexion about guilt and responsibility and more awareness for (the respective enemy's) victims. On an empirical basis, this book shows the potential of International Criminal Justice, the possibilities, but also the limits of International Criminal Tribunals. Volume 2 presents the evidence from Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan and South Sudan.

Table Of Contents

  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Dedication Page
  • Foreword
  • About the editors
  • About the book
  • Citability of the eBook
  • Contents
  • Abbreviations
  • Framing post-election violence in Kenya
  • Rwanda: shifts in media frames and the ICTR
  • Frames from Sudanese media concerning the conflict in Darfur
  • Bibliography
  • The editors and authors
  • Index

Klaus Bachmann

Framing post-election violence in Kenya

The violence which erupted in the aftermath of the 2007 presidential election in Kenya was the first incidence of this kind. Earlier elections had triggered violence, too, but that time, the scope of violence exceeded all previous conflicts after Kenya’s independence from British rule. However, it would also be premature to see the post-election violence (PEV) in 2007 as only an extension or, worse, as the natural consequence of earlier conflicts. The violence was rooted in party politics as much as in ethnic divisions among the population.

Kenyan elections have only partly been shaped by ethnic cleavages and identity politics, and the party system does not directly reflect the ethnic affiliations of the population, although ethnic affiliations and identity politics dominated the post-colonial political system.


ISBN (Hardcover)
Publication date
2019 (March)
International Justice Tribunals Africa Yugoslavia International Criminal Court United Nations
Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Warszawa, Wien, 2019. 135 pp.

Biographical notes

Klaus Bachmann (Volume editor) Irena Ristić (Volume editor) Gerhard Kemp (Volume editor)

Klaus Bachmann is Professor of social sciences at the SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Warsaw, Poland, specialising in Transitional Justice. Irena Ristić is a researcher at the Institute of Social Sciences in Belgrade, focusing on the history of Serbia in the 19th and 20th century. Gerhard Kemp is Professor of law at Stellenbosch University and advocate of the High Court of South Africa. He specialises in international criminal law.


Title: International Criminal Tribunals as Actors of Domestic Change
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137 pages