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Landscape Considerations in Spatial Planning

by Ingrid Belčáková (Author) László Miklós (Author) Anna Špinerová (Author) Andrea Diviaková (Author) Erika Kočická (Author) Eliška Belaňová (Author)
Monographs 168 Pages
Series: Spectrum Slovakia, Volume 16

Summary

The landscape is a vital spatial and material frame for our natural and man-made environment and is considered by many stakeholders to be one of the most important aspects of a healthy, enjoyable life. This book deals with the current trends in the theory of the integration of landscape aspects in spatial planning and development processes.
The authors discuss the need for integrated land use planning, landscape planning and impact assessment, and explore landscape consideration practice in European countries, with a special focus on Slovakia. Information about landscape decision-making approaches and cases illustrates current practice and lessons from experience, providing baseline material for landscape academic forum, members of the public and professionals in spatial development making: planners, designers, architects, engineers and others.
This practice-oriented and up-to-date monograph is a sourcebook and reference guide to key trends, issues of and approaches to sustainable spatial development in European countries.

Table Of Contents

  • Cover
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Acknowledgements
  • List of illustrations
  • Foreword
  • 1 Background
  • 1.1 The context of landscape considerations in spatial planning processes
  • 1.2 Participatory planning as a background philosophy towards sustainable spatial development
  • 2 Instruments and tools for sustainable land use and spatial development processes
  • 2.1 Landscape-Ecological Planning (LANDEP)
  • 2.1.1 Background for Landscape-Ecological Planning
  • 2.1.2 LANDEP as the recognised landscape planning methodology
  • 2.1.3 The frame of the methodical procedure of the LANDEP
  • 2.1.4 LANDEP methodology
  • 2.1.5 Implementation of landscape-ecological regulations into territorial-planning documentations in Slovakia
  • 2.2 Territorial System of Ecological Stability (TSES) and spatial planning practice
  • 2.2.1 Ecological stability of the ecosystem and spatial ecological stability of the landscape
  • 2.2.2 Spatial configuration and composition of the landscape
  • 2.2.3 Ecological networks and the Territorial System of Ecological Stability (TSES)
  • 2.2.4 Principles of the methodology of Territorial System of Ecological Stability
  • 2.2.5 The methodology of the Territorial System of Ecological Stability (TSES)
  • 2.2.6 Territorial System of Ecological Stability (TSES) and Landscape-Ecological Planning (LANDEP) within the territorial planning framework in Slovakia
  • 2.3. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and spatial planning processes
  • 2.3.1 Strategic Environmental Assessment and spatial planning – rational and potential benefits
  • 2.3.2 Evolution of SEA concepts, systems and approaches in spatial planning
  • 2.3.3 Best practice and experience, future directions
  • 2.3.4 Landscape planning and Strategic Environmental Assessment – linkages and mutual benefits
  • 3 Practical application – case studies
  • 3.1 SEA of Bratislava Master Plan
  • 3.1.1 Introduction
  • 3.1.2 Procedural and methodological aspect
  • 3.1.3 Final remarks
  • 3.2 Example of ecological carrying capacity assessment for landscape in Environmental Impact Assessment
  • 3.2.1 Introduction
  • 3.2.2 Starting points and terms of reference of ecological carrying capacity assessment
  • 3.2.3 Example of determining ecological carrying capacity in the process of Environmental Impact Assessment
  • 3.2.4 Conclusion
  • 3.3 Agriculture and rural development plan of the Slovak Republic over the 2000-2006 period
  • 3.3.1 Background and purpose of the environmental appraisal
  • 3.3.2 Scope of the prior appraisal and its implementation
  • 3.3.3 Methodology
  • 3.3.4 Analysis of the current situation
  • 3.3.5 Analysis of previous operations
  • 3.3.6 Assessment of the relevance and consistency of the proposed strategy
  • 3.3.7 Assessment of the expected impacts of the selected priorities
  • 3.3.8 Verification of the proposed implementing arrangements
  • 3.3.9 Conclusions and recommendations
  • 3.4 Evaluation of landscape ecological stability in TSES Kocurany
  • 3.4.1 Ecological stability of the system and spatial ecological stability of the landscape
  • Annexes
  • Bibliography
  • About Authors

List of illustrations

Figures

Fig. 1:LANDEP Scheme (Miklós, Špinerová, 2011)

Fig. 2:Abiocomplexes (Diviaková, Kočický, 2012)

Fig. 3:Schema of approach for creating TSES project (Miklós, Diviaková, Izakovičová, 2011)

Fig. 4:Genésis and litotype (Kočický, 2012 in Diviaková, Kočický, Novikmec, Svitok, 2012)

Fig. 5:Soil subtypes (Kočický, 2012 in Diviaková, Kočický, Novikmec, Svitok, 2012)

Fig. 6:Soil types (Kočický, 2012 in Diviaková, Kočický, Novikmec, Svitok, 2012)

Fig. 7:Visualisation of the proposed buildings–apartment buildings 1–4(Ihnatišinová et al., 2012)

Fig. 8:Visualisation of the proposed buildings – family cottage type 1 (Ihnatišinová et al., 2011)

Fig. 9:Location of the site in the spatial context of the Vrátna ski resort (http://www.vratna.sk, last viewed June 29, 2017)

Fig. 10:Location of the proposed facilities in broader context (www.freemap.sk, last viewed June 29, 2017)

Fig. 11:Situational sketch indicating the location of the proposed facilities (http://www.vratnavillage.sk, last viewed June 29, 2017)

Fig. 12:Situation of the proposed structures (Ihnatišinová et al., 2012)

Fig. 13–14: View of the land in question (with the beginning of construction of several structures) from the southwest, from the road to Príslop (Ch. Nikolov, May 2011; Š. Ridoško, December 2012)

Fig. 15:View of the land in question from the opposite slope – Paseky ski run, with the Vrátna – Starý Dvor centre in the foreground (Ch. Nikolov, May 2011)

Fig. 16–18: Current state of the affected locality (Ch. Nikolov, March 2017)

Fig. 19:Protected area in national network of protected areas (www.sopsr.sk, last viewed June 29,2017)

Fig. 20:NATURA 2000 protected area – Habitat of European Importance (www.sopsr.sk, last viewed June 29, 2017)

Fig. 21:NATURA 2000 – Protected bird area (www.sopsr.sk, last viewed June 29, 2017)

Fig. 22:Simplified map of the primary landscape structure with assigned degree of vulnerability (Kočická et al., 2012)

Fig. 23:Simplified map of the present landscape structure with assigned degree of ecological significance (Kočická et al., 2012)

Fig. 24:Emission relations of the affected area (Hamza, 2012)

Fig. 25:Noise conditions of the affected area (Brodniansky, Machlica, 2012)

Fig. 26:Simplified map of the Ecological Carrying Capacity (Kočická et al., 2012)

Fig. 27:Spatial ecological stability of the territory based on the degree of ecological stability of CLS elements in the Kocurany land modification area (Diviaková, Kočický, 2012 in Diviaková, Kočický, Novikmec, Svitok, 2012)

Fig. 28:The present landscape structure (Diviaková, Kočický, 2012 in Diviaková, Kočický, Novikmec, Svitok, 2012)

Fig. 29:Territorial system of stress factors (Diviaková, Kočický, 2012 in Diviaková, Kočický, Novikmec, Svitok, 2012)

Fig. 30:TSES Proposal (Diviaková, Kočický, 2012 in Diviaková, Kočický, Novikmec, Svitok, 2012)

Tables

Tab. 1:Examples of landscape planning systems

Tab. 2:SEA requirements in spatial/land-use planning in EU member states before SEA Directive transposition

Tab. 3:Useful consultation methods

Tab. 4:Landscape Convention definitions

Tab. 5:Forms of integration

Tab. 6:Possible contribution of landscape planning to EA elements

Tab. 7:Methods used in EA

Tab. 8:Landscape planning methods and techniques used for impact analysis and assessment

Details

Pages
168
ISBN (PDF)
9783631783009
ISBN (ePUB)
9783631783016
ISBN (MOBI)
9783631783023
ISBN (Hardcover)
9783631749715
Language
English
Publication date
2019 (November)
Tags
sustainable development environmental decision-making planning practice spatial organisation landscape assessment land-use
Published
Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Warszawa, Wien, 2019. 168 pp., 30 fig. col., 17 tables

Biographical notes

Ingrid Belčáková (Author) László Miklós (Author) Anna Špinerová (Author) Andrea Diviaková (Author) Erika Kočická (Author) Eliška Belaňová (Author)

Ingrid Belčáková is an associate professor in Environmental Planning and Management at the Technical University in Zvolen, Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. She has been active in environmental planning and management for more than 20 years, as a researcher, practitioner and trainer. An important part of her academic output is landscape assessment and land use planning, resulting in numerous articles and books. László Miklós is a professor in Environmental Management at the Technical University in Zvolen, Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Sciences and head of the UNESCO Chair on Sustainable Development and Ecological Awareness. In the past, he was minister for the environment of the Slovak Republic. He has over 40 years of research and practical experience with environmental management in an international context. He has published widely on the topic and authored many books. Anna Špinerová is a lecturer at the UNESCO Chair on Sustainable Development and Ecological Awareness. She is co-author of many books and articles in the field of landscape ecological planning and frequently presents her practical and research experience at both national and international conferences. Andrea Diviaková is a lecturer at the Technical University in Zvolen, Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, UNESCO Department. She has acquired comprehensive educational and management skills in several scientific projects. Her main interest is in the fields of ecological networks (TSES), nature and landscape protection, ecological landscape stability and ecosystem services. Erika Kočická is a research assistant at the Technical University in Zvolen, Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, UNESCO Department. She has participated in several projects, among others in the field of optimalisation of landscape structure and EIA/SEA. Eliška Belaňová is a landscape ecologist. She has finished her PhD studies in 2014 at the Technical University in Zvolen, Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, UNESCO Department. She has been active in both lecturing and research activities in the fields of landscape planning and integrated landscape management.

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