The International Environment and China’s Twin Models of Development

by Lam Lai Sing (Author)
©2007 Monographs 287 Pages


Mao’s twin political-cum-economic development models did not evolve alone from the internal environment. Rather they were historically constructed in relation to the developments in the Sino-US and Sino-USSR relations. This work traces the complex role that these relations had in the formation of Mao’s worldview of the West and the Soviet Union as a hostile international environment. The author looks at the intricate interactions between China and each of the twin superpowers (or both in unison), Mao’s leadership and the masses, and his development model during his time as well as the post-Mao’s development model he created (in a favourable international environment starting) in 1971. The book seeks to explain how political, economic, and cultural changes were produced through various processes of interactions, whether (the Great Leap Forward), the Cultural Revolution, (the present on-going) modernization revolution, trade, or global participation.


ISBN (Softcover)
China Internationale Politik USA Geschichte 1945-2004 Mao's modernization Defense development Economic reform Wirtschaftsentwicklung Cultural revolution
Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Wien, 2007. 287 pp.

Biographical notes

Lam Lai Sing (Author)

The Author: Lai Sing Lam received his Bachelor of Economics, M.A. and Ph.D. in Government from the University of Queensland, Australia. In 2000, he was honored with an American Biographical Institute’s 20th Century Achievement Award of the 1000 Leaders of World Influence. In that year he was admitted to membership of the Board of Governors of the ABI Research Association. In the same year, he was also awarded Cambridge’s International Biographical Centre medal of the 2000 Outstanding Scholars of the 20th Century in honor of an outstanding contribution to Chinese Studies.


Title: The International Environment and China’s Twin Models of Development