Communicology for the Human Sciences
Lanigan and the Philosophy of Communication
This edited volume develops the philosophy of communication inspired by the scholarship of Richard L. Lanigan, with emphasis on communicology as a human science. Lanigan’s syntheses of the philosophies of speech, language and discourse stemming from the works of Edmund Husserl, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Michel Foucault, Julia Kristeva, Charles Sanders Peirce, Roman Jakobson, Umberto Eco, Pierre Bourdieu, Jurgen Reusch and Gregory Bateson, and many others offers a compelling framework for systematic analysis of human communication in all domains of lived experience. His work defines the theory and method of the human sciences in general and the discipline of communicology in particular. The focus in this collection is on the theoretical and methodological foundations for semiotic phenomenology whereby communication is recognized as constitutive of all human conscious experience and social relationships, involving gestural, nonverbal, discursive, performative, artistic, poetic and mass mediated forms.
The volume is divided into five thematic sections: Founding(s), which marks out primary influences on communicology conceived as a human science; Tropologic(s), which reveals how abduction, adduction and semiosis are essential for understanding human conduct in multiple forms of expression; Trans/formations, which addresses problems of change in self-other relations advancing an ethical life; Voicing Bodies/Embodied Voices, which elaborates the reversible relations between body and voice, and voice and world; and Horizons of Communicability, which takes up operative intentionalities that typically escape human conscious experience. All chapters are original to this volume, written by leading international scholars in the philosophy of communication who cross several disciplinary boundaries in the human sciences.
Table Of Contents
- About the editors
- About the book
- This eBook can be cited
- Advance Praise for Communicology for the Human Sciences
- Table of Contents
- List of Tables and Figures
- Foreword: Speaking and Semiotics (Calvin O. Schrag)
- Introduction: Communicology: What’s in a Name? (Isaac E. Catt / Igor E. Klyukanov / Andrew R. Smith)
- Section One: Founding(s)
- Chapter One: Decolonizing Research Praxis: Embodiment, Border Thinking and Theory Construction in the Human Sciences (Andrew R. Smith)
- Chapter Two: Lanigan’s “Encyclopedic Dictionary”: Key Concepts, Insights, and Advances (Corey Anton)
- Chapter Three: Communicability as Ground of Communicology: Impulses and Impediments (Horst Ruthrof)
- Chapter Four: The Human, the Family, and the Vécu of Semiotic Phenomenology: Lanigan’s Communicology in the Context of Life Itself (Frank Macke)
- Section Two: Tropologic(s)
- Chapter Five: Communicational Aspects in Experimental Phenomenological Studies on Cognition: Theory and Methodology (William B. Gomes)
- Chapter Six: The Monstrosity of Adduction (Igor E. Klyukanov)
- Chapter Seven: Is Martin Heidegger’s Fourfold a Semiotic Square? (Alexander Kozin)
- Chapter Eight: Communicology and the Practice of Coding in Qualitative Communication Research (Eric E. Peterson / Kristin M. Langellier)
- Section Three: Trans/formations
- Chapter Nine: Emmanuel Levinas: The Turning of Semioethics (Ronald C. Arnett / Susan Mancino / Hannah Karolak)
- Chapter Ten: Mental Health in the Communication Matrix: A Semiotic Phenomenology of Depression Medicine (Isaac E. Catt)
- Chapter Eleven: Decolonial Phenomenological Practice: Communicology Across the Cultural and Political Borders of the North-South and West-East Divides (Jacqueline M. Martinez)
- Chapter Twelve: In the Context of Communicology: Issues of Technical Risk Communication About Sustainability (Hong Wang)
- Section Four: Voicing Bodies/Embodying Voices
- Chapter Thirteen: Authoring Life Writing as a Technology of the Self: A Communicological Perspective on the Concept of Voice (Deborah Eicher-Catt)
- Chapter Fourteen: Communicative Possibilities in/of a Glance (Pat Arneson)
- Chapter Fifteen: Laban and Lanigan: Shall We Dance? (Maureen Connolly / Tom D. Craig)
- Chapter Sixteen: Lexis Agonistic and Lexis Graphike: Translation from Library Document to Museum Monument (Thaddeus Martin)
- Section Five: Horizons of Communicability
- Chapter Seventeen: The Subject at Hand (Vincent Colapietro)
- Chapter Eighteen: Being in Speech: Inferentialism, Historicism, and Metaphysics of Intentionality (Jason Hannan)
- Chapter Nineteen: The Theory of Perfective Drift (Johan Siebers)
- Afterword: Richard L. Lanigan: A Fifty Year Legacy (Thomas J. Pace, Jr.)
- Appendix A: Richard L. Lanigan’s Biography and Curriculum Vitae
- Appendix B: Richard L. Lanigan’s Publications, Presentations, Thesis and Dissertation Direction
Communicology for the
Lanigan and the Philosophy
Andrew R. Smith, Isaac E. Catt & Igor E. Klyukanov
New York • Bern • Frankfurt • Berlin
Brussels • Vienna • Oxford • Warsaw
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Names: Smith, Andrew R., editor. | Catt, Isaac E., editor. |
Klyukanov, Igor E., editor. | Lanigan, Richard L., honouree.
Title: Communicology for the Human Sciences: Lanigan and the
Philosophy of Communication / edited by
Andrew R. Smith, Isaac E. Catt & Igor E. Kluykanov.
Description: New York: Peter Lang, 2018.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Identifiers: LCCN 2017013150 | ISBN 978-1-4331-4115-7 (pbk.: alk. paper)
ISBN 978-1-4331-4374-8 (hardback: alk. paper) | ISBN 9781433141140 (ebook pdf)
ISBN 978-1-4331-4372-4 (epub) | ISBN 978-1-4331-4373-1 (mobi)
Subjects: LCSH: Communication—Philosophy. | Phenomenology. |
Classification: LCC P91.25.P48 | DDC 302.2/01—dc23
LC record available at https://lccn.loc.gov/2017013150
Bibliographic information published by Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek.
Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the “Deutsche
Nationalbibliografie”; detailed bibliographic data are available
on the Internet at http://dnb.d-nb.de/.
© 2018 Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., New York
29 Broadway, 18th floor, New York, NY 10006
All rights reserved.
Reprint or reproduction, even partially, in all forms such as microfilm,
xerography, microfiche, microcard, and offset strictly prohibited.
About the book
This edited volume develops the philosophy of communication inspired by the scholarship of Richard L. Lanigan, with emphasis on communicology as a human science. Lanigan’s syntheses of the philosophies of speech, language and discourse stemming from the works of Edmund Husserl, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Michel Foucault, Julia Kristeva, Charles Sanders Peirce, Roman Jakobson, Umberto Eco, Pierre Bourdieu, Jurgen Reusch and Gregory Bateson, and many others offers a compelling framework for systematic analysis of human communication in all domains of lived experience. His work deﬁnes the theory and method of the human sciences in general and the discipline of communicology in particular. The focus in this collection is on the theoretical and methodological foundations for semiotic phenomenology whereby communication is recognized as constitutive of all human conscious experience and social relationships, involving gestural, nonverbal, discursive, performative, artistic, poetic and mass mediated forms.
The volume is divided into ﬁve thematic sections: Founding(s), which marks out primary inﬂuences on communicology conceived as a human science; Tropologic(s), which reveals how abduction, adduction and semiosis are essential for understanding human conduct in multiple forms of expression; Trans/formations, which addresses problems of change in self-other relations advancing an ethical life; Voicing Bodies/Embodied Voices, which elaborates the reversible relations between body and voice, and voice and world; and Horizons of Communicability, which takes up operative intentionalities that typically escape human conscious experience. All chapters are original to this volume, written by leading international scholars in the philosophy of communication who cross several disciplinary boundaries in the human sciences.
This eBook can be cited
This edition of the eBook can be cited. To enable this we have marked the start and end of a page. In cases where a word straddles a page break, the marker is placed inside the word at exactly the same position as in the physical book. This means that occasionally a word might be bifurcated by this marker.
Advance Praise for
Communicology for the Human Sciences
“We are in a world where scholars increasingly define themselves away from all other realms of thought except some cramped field of expertise whose walls relentlessly move in like some torture-room dreamt by Edgar Alan Poe. In the face of this, Richard L. Lanigan’s commitment is to think phenomenologically to give us the open-air insight that communication is by human consciousnesses, to others, about matters whose truth is in our mutual world. In this book we have so much evidence of the wide, breathing fruitfulness of this effort of communicology.”
—Peter Ashworth, Emeritus Professor Department of Psychology Sociology and Politics, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, England
“A wonderful commemorative volume to honor Richard L. Lanigan, one of the most important American semiotic phenomenologists. This superb volume demonstrates the range of Lanigan’s influence, from communicology to ethics, through phenomenology and semiotics. A must-read for whoever is interested in philosophy of communication at its best.”
—François Cooren, Professor, Université de Montréal, Canada, Past ICA President (2010-2011), ICA Fellow
“For 50 years, Richard L. Lanigan has been developing a communicology for the human sciences, an approach to communication studies grounded in phenomenology. This Festschrift adds an amazing collection of original articles to his approach, written by his mentors, students, and friends. It leads the reader through a surprising diversity of topics that communicology invites, discussing its philosophical roots and relating it to semiotics, linguistics, ethics, mental health, the future of communicability, and more, all the way to the coding of qualitative data.”
—Klaus Krippendorff, Gregory Bateson Professor Emeritus for Cybernetics, Language and Culture, The Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania
“Voices across three generations celebrate the work of Richard L. Lanigan, a giant in
scholarship, service and humanity. In dialogue with American pragmatism and continental philosophy, Lanigan the philosopher and communicologist investigates the
phenomenological foundations of communication inspiring new pathways in research as represented by the authors in this volume. An extraordinary enterprise marking the overwhelming importance of communication today with its singular responsibilities for theorists and practitioners alike, in the face of its pervasiveness and consequence not only for humankind but for life overall.”
—Susan Petrilli, Professor of Philosophy and Theory of Languages, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy, Visiting Research Fellow at the University of Adelaide, Australia
“Inspired by Richard L. Lanigan—a philosopher, scholar, teacher, mentor, and friend to many—the contributors of this volume take us in diverse and thought-provoking directions: from epistemological foundations to formative logics, from embodied practice to ethical comportment. As a result, communicology emerges as a coherent and innovative discipline vital for the human sciences. In today’s fragmented and fractured world, reading this book is a heuristic and healing experience.”
—Galina Sinekopova, Professor and Director of Graduate Studies, Department of Communication, Eastern Washington University
“This Festschrift in honor of Richard L. Lanigan’s 50-year legacy offers contributions by his colleagues and students to disciplines he has advanced, being a perpetual beginner himself, who merges communicology as a science of human discourse with semiotic phenomenology. It is a journey to the (inter)subjectivity of the intentional self which paves the way to a helical model of man’s reasoning and becoming. Every researcher in anthropological philosophy, cognitive sciences, and linguistics should read this volume.”
—Zdzisław Wąsik, Professor in Linguistic Semiotics and Communicology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland
Table of Contents
Igor E. Klyukanov←xi | xii→
Vincent Colapietro←xii | xiii→
Index ←xiii | xiv→ ←xiv | xv→
Richard Lanigan’s long career in the philosophy of communication has covered a quite extensive terrain. One of the prominent features of this career has been his achievement of the convergence of a phenomenology of speech with a science of semiotics without incorporating the one into the other and thus curtailing the contributions of each. This has proceeded in such a way as to avoid the linguistic empiricism of speech act theory on the one hand and semiotic reductionism on the other hand. The background of the story concerns the tension between a phenomenology of language and a science of linguistics, which, as is well known, has its origins in the thought of Ferdinand de Saussure and his distinctions between individual speech utterances (la parole), the spoken language (la langue), and the history of language as a semiotic structural system (le langage). In advancing his project of providing a model for modern linguistics it was necessary for Saussure to sort out la langue and le langage as the proper objects of investigation so as to lay the foundations for a structuralist theory of linguistic science.
What catches the eye of the reader of Lanigan’s consummate literary production is that both the issue of a phenomenology of the event of speaking and ruminations on semiotic structures are addressed, as becomes evident when we compare side by side his two works Speech Act Phenomenology and Speaking and Semiology: Approaches to Semiotics. His phenomenological roots are deep and consequential, primarily as the result of his early interests and careful studies in the existential phenomenology of Maurice Merleau-Ponty. It was Merleau-Ponty who gave voice to the embodied parole, the concrete existential event with its primacy←xvii | xviii→ of what he called “the lived body as expression and speech.” Lanigan came to defend this Pontyian position on speech as an embodied event against the linguistic empiricism of speech act theory, in which the diversified holism of the embodied event of speaking suffers a pulverization into discrete elemental representations of locutions, illocutions, and perlocutions. These atomistic representations offer little toward a comprehension of the embodied praxis of communication. To achieve an understanding of the dynamics of communication one needs to work one’s way around the constraints of linguistics modeled after an empirically grounded representational elementarism.
Lanigan’s interrogations of the contributions of semiotics follows the lines of an analysis similar to that of his uses of phenomenology for approaching the communicative function of the event of speaking. In the case of semiotics we are apprized of the dangers of developing a theory of the sign that might gravitate us into a semiotic reductionism, which like a linguistic empirical elementarism would occlude the positive resources of communication. A semiotics that congeals into a theory of signs founded on a grammatological function within a signifier/signified infrastructure loses the event of speaking and the embodied speaker as readily as does an empirically based linguistic elementarism. Plainly enough, the science of linguistics has its own positive story to tell. The semiotic forms and rules within phonemics, morphemics, syntactics, and lexicography provide legitimate data for scientific investigations. An objectification of semiotic structures and relations is indeed required for a constitution of linguistics as a science. And such a constitution can happily proceed without reference to a speaking subject and the concrete event of speaking. It is thus appropriate to speak of le langage as comprising a synchronic structural system. But this should not be done at the expense of losing the diachronic dimension within the procession of speech events, occluding the upsurge of meaning in the word as being spoken (la parole).
Much has to do here with the need to remain attuned to a phenomenology of speaking, which alone can deliver the dynamics of semantics as the augmentation of meaning. Syntactics requires the accompaniment of semantics with its sentential and narratival expression by a speaking subject, saying to someone, something about something. Only in such a moment can we unify meaning and reference within the dialectics of a genuine communicative event. It is this unity of meaning and reference voiced by a speaking subject that is torn asunder when structural semiotics is extended into a philosophical program of structuralism, auguring toward a unity of the human sciences encompassing anthropology, sociology, psychology. psychiatry, and literary theory—with sundry proclamations of the death of man, the elimination of authorial meaning, the dissolution of the speaking subject, etc. All this is brought to the fore in Claude Levi-Strauss’s reductionist claim that the ultimate goal of the human sciences “is not to constitute, but to dissolve man.” In semiotic reductionism the abstracted forms and laws of syntax replace the intentionality of←xviii | xix→ speaking by a phenomenological subject. Such a destiny ill serves the functioning of an intentionality-laden speaking in the communicative venture, and in the end sacrifices both any robust phenomenology of the speech event and the proper role of a system-oriented science of semiotics. Richard Lanigan has shown us how to avoid this double edged danger by keeping the phenomenological speech event and the system of semiotics within their proper perspectives.←xix | xx→ ←xx | xxi→
This Festshrift for Richard L. Lanigan was conceived as a result of the colloquium The Cultural Matrix of Communicology sponsored by the Department of Communication at Eastern Washington University in May 2014. Thanks to Gary Krug, department chair, Vickie Shields, Dean of the College of Social Sciences, co-editor Igor Klyukanov, Galina Sinekopova, and the university staff who organized that meeting, which included a number of the contributors to this volume. We wish to thank all the contributors, who enthusiastically produced original and compelling essays in honor of Richard in a relatively short period of time. Many of these scholars earned their doctorates under Richard’s tutelage, and that of Thomas J. Pace in the philosophy of communication program at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, between the years of 1976 and 1998. The initial work on the volume was made possible by a sabbatical leave for Andrew R. Smith at Edinboro University in the Fall of 2014. The editing and production of the manuscript would have taken much longer without the persistent, high-quality work of Raffaele Fusulan and Dorothy Noel, graduate assistants in the Department of Communication Studies at Edinboro University. The editors’ appreciation for their dedicated efforts is immeasurable.
Isaac E. Catt (PhD, Philosophy of Communication, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, 1982) is Visiting Scholar, Simon E. Silverman Phenomenology Center and Department of Communication & Rhetorical Studies, Duquesne University,←xxi | xxii→ Pittsburgh, PA, USA. His research awards include the Donald H. Ecroyd Award for Research and Scholarship from the Pennsylvania Communication Association. Awards from the National Communication Association include Top Journal Article, Top Book Chapter, and Top Conference Paper in Philosophy of Communication and Top Conference Paper in the Semiotics Division. His many publications include guest editorship of several journals and Communicology: The New Science of Embodied Discourse with Deborah Eicher-Catt. He is author of Embodiment in the Semiotic Matrix: Communicology in Peirce, Dewey, Bateson, and Bourdieu (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2017). Professor Catt is a member of the interdisciplinary European network of scholars on Social Uncertainty, Precarity and Insecurity (SUPI). He is Past President of the Semiotic Society of America, Fellow and Founding Member of the International Communicology Institute, member of numerous editorial boards and reviewer for several publishers. firstname.lastname@example.org
Igor E. Klyukanov (PhD, Saratov State University [Russia], 1999) is Professor of Communication in the Department of Communication Studies at Eastern Washington University. He served as an Associate Editor of The American Journal of Semiotics and is the Founding Editor of Russian Journal of Communication (Taylor & Francis). He is interested in communication theory, philosophy of communication, semiotics, general linguistics, and translation studies. His works have been published in U.S., Russia, England, Spain, Costa Rica, Serbia, Bulgaria, India, and Morocco. His textbook Principles of Intercultural Communication (Boston, Pearson Education, 2005) has been adopted by over 30 Colleges and Universities in the United States. His monograph A Communication Universe: Manifestations of Meaning, Stagings of Significance (Lexington Books, 2010) won the 2012 NCA Philosophy of Communication Division 2012 Best Book Award. He is also the Translator and Editor of Mikhail Epstein’s book The Transformative Humanities: A Manifesto (Bloomsbury, 2012). email@example.com
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