Imaginary Audience and Voice in Emerging Adulthood: The Undergraduate Student Experience

Foreword by Jeffrey Jensen Arnett

by Sheila Kreyszig (Author)
©2010 Thesis 154 Pages

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The author explores the experiences and beliefs of emerging adult students, concerning their sense of voice and use of imaginary audience. Quantitative analyses revealed differences in voice and academic standing, and women reported higher feminine gender orientation than did men. Through qualitative analyses, participants stressed a need for connection and familiarity, comfort, and sense of ease which were associated with higher levels of voice. Participants using imaginary audience described engaging in it as a method of preparation, a coping mechanism to deal with discomfort, or, for some, as a form of fantasy. Some of the participants made connections between imaginary audience and level of voice, suggesting that lower levels of voice may be associated with greater use of imaginary audience. These findings provide valuable information for those who serve emerging adults in academic environments.


ISBN (Softcover)
Undergraduate Students Emerging Adults Gender Orientation
Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien, 2010. 153 pp., num. tables

Biographical notes

Sheila Kreyszig (Author)

The Author: Sheila Kreyszig is a faculty member in the Department of Psychology at the University of Saskatchewan (Canada). She completed her Ph.D. (2006) in Psychological Studies in Education at the University of Alberta (2006), and M.Ed. in Counselling and Development (1997) at the University of Saskatchewan. Most recently, she was awarded at University of Saskatchewan President’s Social Science and Humanities Research Council (PSSHRC) grant to study the meaning and experience of voice in musicians.


Title: Imaginary Audience and Voice in Emerging Adulthood: The Undergraduate Student Experience