A Culture of Deference

Congress, the President, and the Course of the U.S.-Led Invasion and Occupation of Iraq

by F. Ugboaja Ohaegbulam (Author)
©2007 Textbook X, 310 Pages


This book explores the culture of deference by the legislative branch to the executive branch on foreign policy issues, particularly regarding the George W. Bush administration’s rush to war in Iraq in 2003. By authorizing President Bush to go to war in Iraq at his own discretion in its October 2002 resolution, the 107th Congress abdicated its constitutional responsibility and its members failed to honor their oath to uphold the Constitution of the United States. Although the «war powers» are constitutionally those of Congress, historically presidents have engaged in war making and Congress has with limited success attempted to curb such war making. This book traces how this culture of deference to the chief executive on war making evolved and how, especially in the case of Iraq, it has adversely affected the interests of the nation, its constitutional framework, and its position in the world. This book will serve as an excellent text for courses on U.S. foreign policy, U.S. diplomatic history, and the role of Congress.


X, 310
ISBN (Hardcover)
ISBN (Softcover)
Geschichte 2001-2003 Politic Bush, George W Iraq USA Außenpolitik Congress Decision War Culture Deference Foreign Policy Presidency
New York, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, Oxford, Wien, 2007. X, 310 pp.

Biographical notes

F. Ugboaja Ohaegbulam (Author)

The Author: F. Ugboaja Ohaegbulam is Professor Emeritus of Government and International Affairs at the University of South Florida. He received his Ph.D. in international studies from the Graduate School of International Studies, the University of Denver. He is widely published in professional journals and has contributed chapters to several books. He is the author of U.S. Policy in Postcolonial Africa, West African Responses to European Imperialism in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, A Concise Introduction to American Foreign Policy, Towards An Understanding of the African Experience from Historical and Contemporary Perspectives, Nigeria and the U.N. Mission to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Nationalism in Colonial and Postcolonial Africa. He has received several research and training grants, including those from the National Science Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Ford Foundation.


Title: A Culture of Deference