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Nonfinite supplements in the recent history of English

by Carla Bouzada-Jabois (Author) Maurizio Gotti (Volume editor)
Monographs 386 Pages
Series: Linguistic Insights, Volume 286

Summary

This book explores subjectless ing- and edsupplement constructions in the recent history of English from a corpus-based perspective. Supplements are constructions in the clausal periphery that do not fulfil a core syntactic function within the matrix clause. Their presence (or absence) does not typically have syntactic, semantic or grammatical consequences for either the structure or the interpretation of the clause. Despite their peripheral status, supplements are prototypically linked to the main clause in different respects. The analysis of this nonfinite supplements allows for a better characterisation of the periphery of the clause in terms of more and less prototypical supplements, and describes diachronic variation in Late Modern English and Presentday English along the features that characterize the construction.

Table Of Contents

  • Cover
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • About the author
  • About the book
  • This eBook can be cited
  • Table of Contents
  • List of figures
  • List of tables
  • Acknowledgements
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Nonfinite supplements defined
  • 2.1. Terminological issues
  • 2.2. Characterisation of ing- and ed-supplements
  • 2.2.1. Formal and syntactic features
  • 2.2.1.1. Head elements
  • 2.2.1.2. Elements introducing supplements
  • 2.2.1.3. Position within the matrix clause
  • 2.2.2. Semantic features
  • 2.2.2.1. Control relations
  • 2.2.2.2. Adverbial meaning and semantic variability
  • 2.2.3. Extra-clausal status
  • 2.3. Subjectless nonfinite supplements and related constructions
  • 2.4. Summary
  • 3. Methodology: corpus linguistics and data
  • 3.1. Corpus linguistics
  • 3.2. The data: corpora and data retrieval
  • 3.2.1. Corpora
  • 3.2.2. Data retrieval
  • 3.2.2.1. Searching the PPCMBE
  • 3.2.2.2. Searching the ICE-GB
  • 3.2.2.3. Methodological limitations
  • 3.3. Database and variables
  • 3.3.1. ID
  • 3.3.2. Period
  • 3.3.3. Syntactic features
  • 3.3.3.1. Types of head
  • 3.3.3.2. Elements introducing supplements
  • 3.3.3.3. Position and mobility
  • 3.3.4. Semantic features
  • 3.3.4.1. Control relations
  • 3.3.4.2. Adverbial meaning
  • 3.3.5. Other structural and textual features
  • 3.3.5.1. Length
  • 3.3.5.2. Distribution of supplements across text types
  • 3.4. Summary
  • 4. Supplements in Late Modern English
  • 4.1. Formal features
  • 4.1.1. Nonfinite head elements
  • 4.1.2. Elements introducing supplements
  • 4.1.3. Position within the matrix clause
  • 4.2. Semantic features
  • 4.2.1. Control relations
  • 4.2.1.1. Revisiting control relations
  • 4.2.1.2. Kortmann’s (1991) classification of control relations
  • 4.2.2. Adverbial meaning
  • 4.2.2.1. A general overview of adverbial meanings
  • 4.2.2.2. Meaning and head elements
  • 4.2.2.3. Meaning and position
  • 4.2.2.4. Meaning and augmentation
  • 4.2.2.5. Final remarks and summary
  • 4.3. Text types
  • 4.4. Summary and conclusion
  • 5. Supplements in Present-day English: a diachronic analysis from Late Modern English to the present
  • 5.1. Supplements in Present-day English
  • 5.1.1. Formal features
  • 5.1.1.1. Nonfinite head elements
  • 5.1.1.2. Elements introducing supplements
  • 5.1.1.3. Position within the matrix clause
  • 5.1.2. Semantic features
  • 5.1.2.1. Control relations
  • 5.1.2.2. Adverbial meaning
  • 5.1.3. Text types
  • 5.2. Towards a constructional treatment of nonfinite peripheral clauses
  • 5.3. Summary and conclusion
  • 6. Summary, conclusions and further research
  • 6.1. Summary
  • 6.2. Avenues for further research
  • References
  • Series index

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List of figures

Figure 2.1:Kortmann’s (1991) scale of informativeness for semantic relations

Figure 2.2:Semantic classification of subjectless nonfinite supplements

Figure 3.1:Syntactic annotation for ‘participial clauses without subjects’ in PPCMBE

Figure 3.2:Syntactic annotation for ‘participial clauses with subjects’ in PPCMBE

Figure 3.3:Syntactic annotation for absolute clauses in PPCMBE

Figure 3.4:Blank individual node before edition

Figure 3.5:Organisation of a complete sentence in FTF format

Figure 3.6:Different levels of specification in an FTF search

Figure 3.7:First FTF selected for inspection

Figure 3.8:FTF used to extract subjectless ing-/ed-supplements

Figure 3.9:FTF for the extraction of coordinated supplements

Figure 3.10:FTF to extract supplements introduced by prepositions

Figure 3.11:Coordination of disparate categories

Figure 3.12:Coordination of equivalent categories in prepositional supplements (CL level)

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Figure 3.13:Coordination of equivalent categories in prepositional supplements (PP level)

Figure 3.14:Coordination of prepositional supplements with disparate categories at the PREP level

Figure 3.15:Coordination of prepositional supplements with disparate categories at the PC level

Figure 3.16:ICE-GB screenshot with information for example ‘ICE-GB:W1B-018 #133:17’

Figure 3.17:Number of words in ed- and ing-supplements

Figure 3.18:Interrelations between written speech-like/based/purposed genres and writing-based/purposed genres (from Culpeper and Kytö 2010: 18)

Figure 4.1:Ing- and ed-supplements in LModE over time

Figure 4.2:Nonfinite predicate types in LModE

Figure 4.3:Nonfinite predicate types in LModE over time

Figure 4.4:Augmentation per semantic type in LModE over time

Figure 4.5:Augmentation per semantic type in ing- and ed-supplements in LModE over time

Figure 4.6:Semantic type of augmentor and position in LModE

Figure 4.7:Semantic type of augmentor and supplement length in LModE

Figure 4.8:Augmentation and control in LModE

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Figure 4.9:Semantically more specific augmentors in LModE over time

Figure 4.10:Semantically less specific augmentors in LModE over time

Figure 4.11:Medial positions in LModE

Figure 4.12:Position of supplements in LModE over time

Figure 4.13:Position of ing- and ed-supplements in LModE over time

Figure 4.14:Supplement length as a factor of position in LModE

Figure 4.15:Supplement length in LModE over time

Figure 4.16:Supplement length as a factor of position in LModE over time

Figure 4.17:Length in ing- and ed-supplements in LModE

Figure 4.18:Ed-supplement length as a factor of position in LModE over time

Figure 4.19:Control relations in LModE over time

Figure 4.20:Control relations in ing- and ed-supplements in LModE

Figure 4.21:Control and position in LModE supplements

Figure 4.22:Broad categories of adverbial meanings in LModE over time

Figure 4.23:Adverbial meaning of ing- and ed-supplements in LModE

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Figure 4.24:Adverbial meaning and supplement position in LModE

Figure 4.25:Adverbial meaning of augmented and unaugmented supplements in LModE over time

Figure 4.26:Adverbial meaning and semantic type of connector in LModE

Figure 4.27:Adverbial meaning, augmentation and position in LModE

Figure 4.28:Normalised frequencies per 10,000 words of supplements per text type in LModE

Figure 4.29:Distribution of supplements per register category in LModE (n.f./10,000 words)

Figure 4.30:Distribution of supplements in writing-related, speech-related and fiction in LModE (n.f./10,000 words)

Figure 4.31:Distribution of supplements per narrative status in LModE (n.f./10,000 words)

Figure 5.1:Ing- and ed-supplements in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.2:Nonfinite predicate types in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.3:Augmentation per semantic type in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.4:Augmentation per semantic type in ing- and ed-supplements in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.5:Augmentation in LModE and PDE as a factor of supplement position

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Figure 5.6:Semantic type of augmentor and position in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.7:Augmentation as a factor of supplement length in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.8:Semantic type of augmentor and supplement length in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.9:Augmentation and control in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.10:Semantically more specific augmentors in PDE

Figure 5.11:Semantically less specific augmentors in PDE

Figure 5.12:Position of supplements in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.13:Medial positions in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.14:Position of ing- and ed-supplements in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.15:Supplement length in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.16:Supplement length as a factor of position in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.17:Length in ing- and ed-supplements in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.18:Control relations in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.19:Control relations in ing- and ed-supplements in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.20:Control and position in LModE and PDE supplements

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Figure 5.21:Categories of adverbial meaning in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.22:Adverbial meaning of ing- and ed-supplements in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.23:Adverbial meaning and supplement position in PDE

Figure 5.24:Adverbial meaning and supplement position in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.25:Adverbial meaning of augmented and unaugmented supplements in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.26:Adverbial meanings and semantic type of connector in LModE and PDE

Figure 5.27:Normalised frequencies per 10,000 words of supplements per text type in PDE

Figure 5.28:LModE and PDE distribution of supplements per register category (n.f./10,000 words)

Figure 5.29:LModE and PDE distribution of supplements per medium category (n.f./10,000 words)

Figure 5.30:LModE and PDE distribution of supplements per narrative status (n.f./10,000 words)

Details

Pages
386
ISBN (PDF)
9783034343619
ISBN (ePUB)
9783034343626
ISBN (MOBI)
9783034343633
ISBN (Hardcover)
9783034342261
Language
English
Publication date
2021 (October)
Published
Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Warszawa, Wien, 2021. 386 pp., 81 fig. b/w, 25 tables.

Biographical notes

Carla Bouzada-Jabois (Author) Maurizio Gotti (Volume editor)

Carla Bouzada-Jabois holds a PhD in English linguistics by the Universities of Vigo and KU Leuven. She has a BA in English philology and an MA in advanced English studies with a specialisation in English linguistics. She also has an MA in secondary school and language education. She has been working as an assistant instructor and researcher in different projects. Carla is an active member of the Language Variation and Textual Categorisation research group of the University of Vigo.

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Title: Nonfinite supplements in the recent history of English