Scales, Thresholds And Dilemmas Of Housing Transformations In Istanbul

by Nilay Ünsal Gülmez (Volume editor) Ali Devrim Işıkkaya (Volume editor)
©2022 Edited Collection 274 Pages


In Istanbul, urban transformation and housing production processes are so intricately
entwined and intertwined that they elicit a plethora of predictable and unexpected
subject matters to be studied holistically. This book provides an insight into the scales,
thresholds, and dilemmas of housing transformations in Istanbul from past to present,
with a focus on cause-and-effect relationships. It scrutinizes Istanbul from new
perspectives as the primary scene, target, and playground for neoliberal market acts
and actors, on the one hand, and seeks to shed light on future prospects with regard to
housing needs and expectations of twenty-first century users in line with the unique
dynamics of Istanbul, a city without ends, on the other hand.

Table Of Contents

  • Cover
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • About the editors
  • About the book
  • This eBook can be cited
  • Acknowledgement
  • Contents
  • List of Contributors
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Introduction
  • Part I Scenes and Narratives of Housing (In) Transformation
  • 1. Istanbul During the Glorious Thirty (1945–75): Mobilization of the Middle-Class and Emergence of Motorways as Tools for Re-Shaping the Society and the Littoral Periphery (Emine Görgül)
  • 2. Suburban Neighborhoods in Transformation: Unveiling the Modern Architectural Heritage in Pendik (Canay Tunçer Yıldırım)
  • 3. The Ethos of Mid-Century Modern in Istanbul and San Francisco: A Comparative Reading on Levent Houses and Eichler Homes (Ahsen Özsoy and Hatice Sadıkoğlu Asan)
  • 4. Documenting the Evolutionary Process of Apartments in Kadıköy, Moda between 1960 and 1980 (Hande Tulum Okur and Efsun Ekenyazıcı Güney)
  • Part II Mega Projects and Urban Transformation
  • 5. Eternal Now of Urban Metastasis in Istanbul (Ali Devrim Işıkkaya)
  • 6. From Infrastructural Developmentalism to Mega-Projects: “The Istanbul Canal” (Ahmet Sezgin and Nilay Ünsal Gülmez)
  • 7. Urban Development Processes and the Changing Housing Patterns in Istanbul: The Case of Fulya Neighborhood (Pınar Şahin)
  • 8. A Comparative Study of Contemporary Strategies in High-Rise Housing Markets in Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir (Naz Gümüşeli)
  • Part III What Is Next? Future Reflections
  • 9. Housing Preferences for Generation Z Students: A Case Study in Istanbul (Arda Çalışkan)
  • 10. From School to Home: Changing of Home-School Relation in Architecture and Design Students in Istanbul with The Pandemic (Büşra Atam)
  • 11. Smart Transformation of Housing in Istanbul as a Resilience Response to Crisis Scenarios (Suzan Girginkaya Akdağ and Berna Sayar)
  • 12. Tiny Living in a Megacity: Exploring the Emergence of Tiny-House Movement in Istanbul (Gizem Akdemir)

←8 | 9→

List of Contributors

Ahmet SEZGİN (Ph.D.)

He completed his BA in Architecture from the Middle East Technical University in 2000; He received his master’s degree from the World Heritage Studies Program at Brandenburg Technical University (BTU) (2006), and his Ph.D. from the Art History & Visual Studies Program at the University of Manchester (2012) with his thesis titled “The Historiography of Sinan in Modern Turkey”. He is a lecturer at MEF University and serves as the Interior Design Department Head as of 2021. His research interests cover identity and architecture, nationalism studies, and Ottoman architecture.

Ahsen ÖZSOY (Ph.D.)

Ahsen Özsoy studied architecture at Istanbul Technical University, completed her PhD at ITU Faculty of Architecture, continued academic career until 2020 at the same university. She still teaches at Işık University. She has taught architectural design, research methodologies, architectural psychology, and housing. She has research studies and publications on topics of housing quality; earthquake, housing and woman’s role; creativity-university, post-occupancy evaluation, and design participation. She has been responsible for the design of educational and residential projects, has received national architectural awards. Administratively, she served as Director of Institute of Social Sciences and Vice Rector of ITU. Currently, she is the President of the Association for Architecture Education (ArchED/MimED).

Ali Devrim IŞIKKAYA (Ph.D)

Assoc. Prof. Ali Devrim Işıkkaya, earned his bachelor’s, master’s and Ph.D. degree at the Faculty of Architecture, Yıldız Technical University Istanbul in 1999, 2002 and 2008. He worked for national architectural offices in collaboration with international offices between 2001 and 2006. He is awarded with honorable mention in the national “New Social Habitat Erbaa, Tokat Architectural Design Competition” in 2015. Işıkkaya, as full time academician, is teaching architectural and interior architectural design, construction and housing in the undergraduate and graduate programs of the Faculty of Architecture and Design at Bahcesehir University since 2008. He was a visiting academic in Coburg University of Applied Sciences and HTWG Konstanz Hochschule. His research ←9 | 10→interests include urban and architectural design competitions, housing culture, and adaptive reuse.


Arda Çalışkan graduated from Bahçeşehir University, Department of Interior Architecture and Environmental Design in 2017. He started his master’s education in Bahçeşehir University Interior Design program and graduated in 2020 with the thesis titled “Place-Making Practices of Z Generation: Case of Dormitory Rooms”. During this time, he worked as an interior architect at Uğur Schools and Bahçeşehir College. Since 2019, he has been a teaching assistant at Bahçeşehir University’s Faculty of Architecture and Design. He continues his Ph.D. in Architecture and Design at the same university.


Berna Sayar is a teaching assistant at Istanbul Bahcesehir University, Faculty of Architecture and Design. She graduated from Ege University Department of Art History. She received her Master’s degree in Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Department of Art History, Turkish-Islamic Arts Program. Currently, she is a Ph.D. candidate in the same institution. She participated in the excavations of of Beçin- Milas, Ani-Kars and Edirne Palace. Her research interests are history of architecture, urban history, cultural heritage, Ottoman modernization, archeology of Ottoman period.

Büşra ATAM

Büşra Atam is an architect, who had her bachelor’s degree from Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University Department of Architecture in 2015. She completed her master’s degree at Istanbul Technical University Department of Architectural Design in 2019. She is a research assistant at Bahçeşehir University Faculty of Architecture & Design since 2019 and studying for Ph.D. for more than a year in this institution. Her research interests are people-environment relationship and environment-behavior studies, child-play relation in built environment, and educational buildings. Within her doctoral studies, she is researching users’ spatial perception in literature and cinema.


Canay Tunçer Yıldırım is a teaching assistant at Bahçeşehir University, Faculty of Architecture and Design since 2014. She received her Bachelor’s degree in Architecture (2012) and Master’s degree in Restoration (2016) from Istanbul Technical University with her thesis entitled “Kadıköy Yeldeğirmeni - Tevfik ←10 | 11→Tura Apartment Conservation Project”. She took part in several projects on restoration, archaeology, and design. She is currently studying on her dissertation in Architectural Design Ph.D. Program at the same university as well as carrying out her academic research on housing, modernization and culture within the framework of architectural history and theory.


She is graduated from Yıldız Technical University Faculty of Architecture (2002). She received her master’s degree (2005), and doctoral degree (2013) from the Building Research and Planning Program of the same university. She started working as a research assistant in the Faculty of Architecture and Design of Bahçeşehir University in 2006 and continued her academic career in the Department of Interior Architecture and Environmental Design Department as a faculty member since 2013. She has taken part in design studios; has taught courses on adaptive reuse, visual media in design, introduction to architecture and interior architecture. She has publications on her research topics which are dwelling culture, urban transformation, adaptive reuse, design education and architectural design.

Emine GÖRGÜL (Ph.D.)

Emine Görgül is an associate professor in Istanbul Technical University-ITU Department of Interior Architecture. She has received her B.Sc. (1999), M.Sc. (2002) and Ph.D. (2013) degrees from ITU. She was a visiting academic in TU Delft, AA-London, HKU, Auburn University. Her researches and publications focus on architecture theory and criticism, politics and space, gender and space, design education.


Gizem Akdemir has graduated from Işık University Faculty of Fine Arts, Department of Interior Architecture in which she got in with a special talent exam on drawing skills in 2016. Thereafter she completed her master’s degree in Istanbul Technical University (ITU) International Master of Interior Architectural Design in 2019. During her education, she traveled to several countries for her studies including international workshops and exchange programs. She started her academic career as a research assistant in the ITU Faculty of Architecture, Department of Interior Architecture in 2018 and enrolled in Bahcesehir Architecture and Design Doctorate Program. She studies topics such as well-being, urban interior, and tiny houses.←11 | 12→

Hande TULUM (Ph.D.)

She received her bachelor degree in architecture from Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Faculty of Architecture, Department of Architecture in 2010; her graduate degree in History of Architecture from the same university in 2012 and she worked as an architect in architectural-conservation offices in Istanbul. She received her Ph.D. degree from Bahçeşehir University, Department of Architecture in 2018. She has been a faculty member in Bahçeşehir University, Department of Interior Architecture and Environmental Design since 2018. Her research interests include art and architecture relationship, architecture and cinema, history and theory of architecture and design, modern architecture in Turkey, modern architectural heritage, post-war architectural practice in Turkey, twentieth century residential culture in Turkey, urban transformation in Istanbul.


She received her doctorate in design field from Istanbul Technical University. During her Ph.D. studies, she worked as a design researcher in the Housing Lab, La Sapienza University of Rome. She served as a postdoctoral researcher at UC Berkeley Center for Environmental Design and Research and Stanford University in 2017–2020. She has been teaching at California San Jose State University since 2018. Her research interests include midcentury modernism, housing design, smart home products, design quality and experience design.


Naz Gümüşeli graduated from Bahcesehir University, Department of Interior Architecture and Environmental Design in 2013. The author, who completed her master’s program at Istanbul Technical University in the History of Architecture, is still continuing her Ph.D. in Architecture and Design program at Bahcesehir University. The author, who has a thesis named “Cihangir District and Art Deco”, academically focuses on architectural styles, adaptive reuse, and store design. She has been working on store design and visual merchandising for various corporate companies since 2013. The author has also written several academic publications about store design.


She received her BA in Architecture from the Middle East Technical University in 1997; She completed her master’s degree in Istanbul Technical University (ITU) Building Sciences Program (2000) and her Ph.D. in ITU Architectural Design Program (2009) with her thesis titled “Diversified Households and Housing ←12 | 13→in the Metropolis”. She is an associate professor at Bahcesehir University and has been serving as Architecture Department Head since October 2019. Her research interests include housing studies, design history and theory, gender and space, and place-making practices. Her work has appeared in the METU Faculty of Architecture Journal, the Journal of Interior Design (JID), Home Cultures, and a variety of other international and national publications.

Pınar ŞAHİN (Ph.D.)

Pınar Şahin currently works as an assistant professor at Bahçeşehir University, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Department of Architecture. She received her bachelor’s and master’s degree from Yıldız Technical University. She completed the second year of her master’s education as a thesis student at the Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands. She studied on Rotterdam office buildings and urban branding. After returning to Turkey, she worked in various architecture offices and construction firms. She received her Ph.D. from Architectural Design Programme at Istanbul Technical University. Her areas of interest are housing researches, architecture and media, modernity and cultural theories, and Early Republican Period architecture.


Suzan Girginkaya Akdag, Ph.D. is a full-time lecturer at Bahcesehir University, Faculty of Architecture and Design. She received her undergraduate degree from Middle East Technical University (METU) in 2003. She received her M.Sc. in Architectural Design Computing and her Ph.D. in Architectural Design programs from Istanbul Technical University (ITU). After graduation, she worked in the AEC sector as a full-time and part-time architect. Between 2007 and 2011, she worked at Yeditepe University as a research assistant. Since 2011, she has been lecturing at Bahcesehir University, as an assistant professor. Her research interests are digital technologies and their influence on the interior, architectural and urban design theories, practice and education.


ISBN (Softcover)
Publication date
2022 (April)
Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Warszawa, Wien, 2022. 274 pp., 75 fig. b/w, 10 tables.

Biographical notes

Nilay Ünsal Gülmez (Volume editor) Ali Devrim Işıkkaya (Volume editor)

Nilay Ünsal Gülmez holds a PhD in the Architectural Design Program from Istanbul Technical University. She is teaching at Bahçeşehir University, Department of Architecture. Her research interests include housing studies, design history and theory, gender and space, and place-making practices. Ali Devrim Işıkkaya earned his bachelor’s, master’s, and PhD degrees at the Faculty of Architecture, Yildiz Technical University. He teaches at Bahçeşehir University. His research interests include architectural and interior architectural design, architectural competitions, construction, and housing.


Title: Scales, Thresholds And Dilemmas Of Housing Transformations In Istanbul
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276 pages