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Ewa Szumilewicz

Cognition is a paradoxical process, from the moment of the formation of human subjectivity, through its relationship with the Other (or more precisely: l'autre) and with the world, to the ontological status of the world as such. This is what this book has at stake.

The book deals with selected aspects of poststructural thought which are introduced into the language of contemporary science, prose, and poetry. Such an enterprise is possible by treating philosophy, science, and poetry as languages which can try to enter into a dialogue through metaphors. This is the ground on which the project is implemented.

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Origen and Hellenism

The Interplay between Greek and Christian Ideas in Late Antiquity

Panayiotis Tzamalikos

Since 1986, Professor Panayiotis Tzamalikos has argued that Origen was an anti-Platonist in many respects, and all of the clauses in Origen’s official anathematisation in AD 553 were based on nefarious adulteration by unschooled and fanatical drumbeaters. The author’s pertinent books heretofore have uprooted all of those charges and demonstrated that they had nothing to do with Origen’s real thought.

Therefore, Tzamalikos’ work constitutes a peripeteia in the Aristotelian sense of the term, referring to tragedian plays of classical Athens, which points to the moment when the hero learns that everything he knew was wrong.

This book (like the author’s previous ones) brings to light and critically discusses Origen’s Greek philosophical background, which he puts to full use upon composing his Christian works. Consequently, the author insists on the need for engaging in the onerous task of ascertaining Origen’s endowments and feat: whereas he was a Greek ‘apostate’ who forsook his ancestral religion and converted to Christianity when he was well on in years, nevertheless, he implicitly made ample use of his patrimonial lore upon composing his ground-breaking work which paved the way to Nicaea.

The author’s thesis is that, in the quest for discovering the real Origen, scrutinised perusal of this illuminating background is inexorable. For in the history of philosophy, Origen ipso facto is an uncategorised author, whose thought constitutes an unexampled chapter of its own, revealing a perfect match between Christian exegesis and Greek philosophy, which imparted the later episcopal ‘orthodoxy’ the gravamen of its anti-Arian doctrine.

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Edited by Mariam Agah

The main theme of A Ray of the Qur’ān is reflected in Sayyed Mahmoud Taleghani's unique and all-encompassing approach of using root definitions of key Qur’ānic terms as the basis for his illumination of the Qur’ān. Taleghani's  method mirrors his thesis that drawing on the light of the Qur’ān along with authentic prophetic tradition, sound theological argument, and a grasp of ethics, science, and human history reveals the observable interconnectedness in nature that exists on an individual and societal level and is constantly evolving as unified creation of one Creator.

The relationship of humanity to the rest of creation as discussed in A Ray of the Qur’ān elicits individual and societal human responsibility to know, care for, preserve, and promote both human society and all of nature in a just, fair, and morally balanced manner. Taleghani holds that the creator of the physical world and its human inhabitants lovingly and justly offers a blueprint and manual for action, and central to that is the Qur’ān. Nonetheless, according to Taleghani’s own humble estimation, his work should not be described as an interpretation, explanation or explication but an effort to allow glimpses of divine guidance to shine on minds and hearts.

A Ray of the Qur’ān will shift the academic discourse around studies of Islam and the Qur’ān, including within Islamic institutions. It offers a compelling and unique approach to theology, comparative religious studies, ethics, environmental studies, and Arabic studies.

 

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A Ray of the Qur’ān: Selected Essays of Sayyed Mahmoud Taleghani, Volume I

Sūrah Al-Fātiḥah/1 and Sūrah Al-Baqarah/2: 1-143

Edited by Mariam Agah

The study and explanation of Sūrah Al-Fātihah and verses 1-143 of Sūrah Al-Baqara make up Volume I of A Ray of the Qur’ān. Sayyed Mahmoud Taleghani follows the traditional ordinal presentation of these two chapters of the Qur’ān. Appropriately, he begins his commentary with the first Sūrah: "The Opening.” He considers this Sūrah to be an invitation to people to recognize their creator and sustainer by knowing Allah’s attribute of mercy and as the giver of guidance to the straight path. Likewise, Taleghani invites people through another name given to this Sūrah, Al Hamd/The Praise, to praise their Lord exclusively. 

Taleghani’s approach to the Qur’ān is holistic. This is evident in his reading of the initial five verses of Sūrah Al-Baqara as containing the foundational, pivotal notions that inform the grand ideas and the details of not only the rest of the Sūrah, but indeed the entire Qur’ān. The word taqwā, used in Sūrah Al-Baqara and throughout the Qur’ān, is sometimes translated as piety or fear of God but the full breadth of the term, as Taleghani shows, is better expressed in the phrase "to safeguard oneself with full awareness of divine laws." Those who show taqwā are made aware of the prophetic mission, and are assured of the hereafter if they accept and follow it in their thoughts and deeds. Thus, the reader is introduced in Sūrah Al-Baqara to Taleghani’s vision of the Qur’ān, whereby, a ray from this book is said to touch the minds and hearts of those with taqwa and to launch them on their search for the truth. This is one way Taleghani distinguishes the Holy Qur’ān from other books.

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Agency at Work

Ethnographies in/of Late Industrialism

Edited by Monika Baer

Rooted in anthropological and ethnological traditions, this volume offers analytical insights into workings of agency in late industrialism revealed in interactions between a coal power plant and a local community in Opole, Silesia, in southwestern Poland. In this context, the authors show by the use of the ethnographic method, how variables and forces of various scales shape political events centered around the power plant; grassroot economic dynamics and entrepreneurship; local semiosphere uniting the divided social group; affective dimensions of a social protest; (un)doing gender in the industrial workplace; and mobile livelihoods of migrant industrial workers. All of them, in one way or another, attempt to escape problems raised by analyses focused solely on human acting subjects.

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States of Nature and Social Contracts

The Metaphors of the Liberal Order

Kevin Dooley

This book examines the most significant metaphors of modern political philosophy: the state of nature and the social contract. Each of the main chapters is dedicated to the political theory of the different social contract thinkers and the ways they articulated the uniquely liberal view of equality and freedom. The last chapter, unique to most books that explore the social contract, highlights the recent challenges to these views. It is this balance between accepted contractarian ideas and their critiques that makes this book a unique contribution to the field of political philosophy.

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Samuel–Kings

A Hypertextual Commentary

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Bartosz Adamczewski

The book demonstrates that the books of Samuel–Kings, taken together, are a result of one, highly creative, hypertextual reworking of the book of Deuteronomy. This detailed reworking consists of almost 2000 strictly sequentially organized, conceptual, and at times, also linguistic correspondences between Samuel–Kings and Deuteronomy. The strictly sequential, hypertextual dependence on Deuteronomy explains numerous surprising features of Samuel–Kings. The critical analysis of Samuel–Kings as a coherently composed Judaean hypertextual work disproves the hypothesis of the existence of the Deuteronomistic history and its variants. It also sheds entirely new light on the question of the origin of the so-called Enneateuch Genesis–Kings.

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Theory of Power

Marx, Foucault, Neo-Zapatismo

Carlos Antonio Aguirre Rojas

The subject of power (singular) and multiple social powers (plural) is unquestionably central to contemporary societies all over the globe. Growing stronger and expanding farther all the time, the world’s anti-systemic movements have been forced to address this issue—the nature of power and powers—as among their most pressing debates. In the process, these movements have also been forced to consider the best possible strategy for confronting them. Should they seize political power, even if they run the risk of simply reproducing it? Should they destroy it altogether? Is it enough to destroy political power while economic, ideological, military, and religious powers remain untouched? And what is the most effective anti-capitalist and anti-systemic way to confront, defeat, and overcome the many different powers found in all present-day societies on Earth? To answer such questions, among others, this book discusses the rich, complex contributions of Karl Marx, Michel Foucault, and neo-Zapatismo to a complicated and essential subject: the theory of power.
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Die Flucht in der Verfolgung - eine legitime Alternative zu Martyrium und Apostasie?

Tertullians Traktat "de fuga in persecutione" im historischen und theologischen Kontext seiner Zeit

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Daniel Greb

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L’image du Soi

Fichte – Feuerbach – Althusser

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Luc Vincenti

Ce livre se distingue des recherches contemporaines sur l’identité personnelle en montrant les racines de la conscience de soi dans les philosophies modernes de la réflexion et de la subjectivité. Le Soi, comme acte réflexif, est rapproché de l’image, constituée par le rapport entre ses éléments. Définir la conscience de soi en terme d’image conduit vers la philosophie tardive de Fichte, mais aussi vers Feuerbach qui définit l’essence humaine comme projection d’une image, et vers Althusser reprenant le redoublement spéculaire dans sa critique de l’idéologie. La filiation des trois auteurs n’a jamais été étudiée, on la trouve entre autres dans le dépassement de l’individu ou la dimension universelle de la conscience de soi. La première partie, sur Fichte, distingue différentes figures du Moi souvent confondues. Avec le « Moi idéal » naît le domaine pratique dans lequel Fichte compose, par l’intersubjectivité, individualité et universalité. Fichte engendre ainsi l’individualité raisonnable par le commandement moral, à l’instar de l’interpellation althussérienne. La deuxième partie, sur Feuerbach, souligne sa proximité d’avec Fichte, dans la position de l’essence humaine comme idéal ou dans le rôle de l’intersubjectivité. L’aliénation feuerbachienne se comprend à partir d’une théorie de l’image qui constitue la conscience de Dieu comme réflexivité. Elle est le véritable point de départ de la théorie marxiste de l’aliénation. La troisième partie, sur Althusser, aborde sa théorie de l’idéologie – effets en retour, existence matérielle des AIE – en retrouvant les éléments feuerbachiens. Par la défense de l’humanisme pratique et l’inévitable part de l’imaginaire idéologique dans l’engagement social, Althusser rejoint Fichte en refusant la réification de l’idéal au profit d’un dynamisme expliquant et enveloppant l’action morale et politique.