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Addressing Challenges Latinos/as Encounter with the LIBRE Problem-Solving Model



Norma S. Guerra

Written for educators and professionals, this book examines the cultural challenges Latinos/as encounter as they move from one social setting to the next. Problem solving is presented as a skill, strategy, and protective factor in the development of resiliency and self-efficacy. This solution-oriented approach facilitates Latino/a personal and professional development in processing the unexpected. The book introduces the LIBRE Model problem-solving activity as the tool to negotiate positive change by (1) affirming cultural competency, (2) supporting self-regulated decision making, (3) monitoring self-engagement styles, and (4) developing resiliency toward smoother transitions. The goal is to provide the reader with partnering tools that will empower Latino/a engagement, personal management, and  active self-agency in managing decisions, challenges, and choices.
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Chapter 4. Characteristics and Ethics in Providing Culturally Efficacious Services


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We are the product of our ethnic and cultural consciousness, an identity that is empowered by the affirmation of who we are and our willingness to continue development.

In response to the changing demographics, this chapter addresses culturally efficacious problem-solving providers that may include: teachers, counselors, mentors, school psychologists, psychologists, and social workers. Cultural competency is presented as the underlying construct that supports the scaffold connection between care for self and others. Self-awareness is revisited to address the importance of culturally competent self-regulation and to introduce the concept of calibration—adjusting one’s own engagement style to that of the person one is working with. The importance of setting boundaries and defining service parameters, individually and within systems, is discussed with the ethical considerations in providing services and ensuring safety.

Changing Demographics

The 2000 U. S. Census identifies Latinos/as as the largest racial minority in the United States. The number of Latinos/as has doubled over the past ← 39 | 40 → 20 years. Projections indicate that by 2035, one-third of all American citizens will be Latino/a (NCLA, 2010). These changes will have systematic impact. Latinos/as, the largest minority student group in public schools at 24% in 2012, come with distinct cultural views and experiences (Kena et al., 2015) that impact teaching and learning. There are over five million students attending U.S. schools who report Spanish as their primary language (Garcia &...

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