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Addressing Challenges Latinos/as Encounter with the LIBRE Problem-Solving Model



Norma S. Guerra

Written for educators and professionals, this book examines the cultural challenges Latinos/as encounter as they move from one social setting to the next. Problem solving is presented as a skill, strategy, and protective factor in the development of resiliency and self-efficacy. This solution-oriented approach facilitates Latino/a personal and professional development in processing the unexpected. The book introduces the LIBRE Model problem-solving activity as the tool to negotiate positive change by (1) affirming cultural competency, (2) supporting self-regulated decision making, (3) monitoring self-engagement styles, and (4) developing resiliency toward smoother transitions. The goal is to provide the reader with partnering tools that will empower Latino/a engagement, personal management, and  active self-agency in managing decisions, challenges, and choices.
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Chapter 6. LIBRE Model: Engagement Styles in Counseling


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Engagement Styles in Counseling

The LIBRE (Listen, Identify, Brainstorm, Reality-test, Encourage) Model (Guerra, 2001, 2005) is a structured approach to facilitating problem solving with training and learning implications. Based on social cognitive theory, goal setting, and self-monitoring, the approach provides a basis for the generation of hypotheses related to the development of client potential in learning how to self-assess, self-regulate, establish goal(s), and cognitively switch personal orientations to help personal presentation in response to context activity and behavioral investment.

Case Vignette

Lara, a young professional woman, is referred for counseling by her employer. She works in a highly demanding and stressful position. Recently, she has been having difficulty focusing on completing her assigned work responsibilities. Lara enters the counseling session and, after the usual initial paperwork, is greeted by the employment counselor, Margaret.

Margaret: Welcome, Lara. I am your counselor. My name is Margaret. I am pleased to see you today, and I am wondering if you might want to tell me how things are going for you here at work? ← 61 | 62 →

Lara: There is so much. I really don’t know where to begin.

Margaret: [After a brief pause] OK, then how about outlining some of what is going on. This will allow me an opportunity to better know you, and you will be able to see my notes as I record all that you tell...

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