A Theory-Driven Analysis of Applied Prison Communication
Edited By Erik D. Fritsvold and Jonathan M. Bowman
Incarcerated Interactions: A Theory-Driven Analysis of Applied Prison Communication is an innovative, applied edited book that uses core interdisciplinary social science theories to analyze and describe the social psychology and sociology of communicative interactions amongst incarcerated individuals. Beginning with the fundamentals of human interactions, this edited volume allows scholars across a variety of disciplines (such as criminology, sociology, communication studies, social psychology, anthropology, and economics) to become familiar with and apply the core principles and the requisite terminology of human communication within a criminological context. Each of the four sections of the text not only build upon the knowledge structures of previous chapters, but also function as stand-alone analyses and/or applications of extant scholarship within essential contexts. From a general discussion of core social science theory to the specific application of that theory in a range of scholarly contexts, this book addresses relevant issues such as mental illness and wellness, the gendered experience of inmates, recidivism rates, violence, the criminogenic effect of incarceration and the large-scale implications of prison gangs and their associated cultural influence, to name a few.
13. Sika Deer: Overcrowding, Violent Responses, & Proxemics : Morgan Re
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13. Sika Deer: Overcrowding, Violent Responses, & Proxemics
Sika deer, a Japanese deer first introduced to the States in 1916 on Chesapeake Island, might be traditionally described as shy and serene. Deer might be traditionally conceptualized as timid and passive animals, most likely due to the fact that these animals are prey status animals in the animal kingdom. If asked to describe an aggressive animal, the mind immediately jumps to images of lions or sharks, large predator-status animals, but likely never deer. Studies on deer populations, however, have elucidated the veiled aggression that is a fundamental of animal behavior. In the late 1950s a study was done on the Chesapeake Bay Sika deer population to find the cause of the dramatic drop in population size. Scientists came to the conclusion that “changes in the adrenal zona glomerulosa and medulla suggested overstimulation and a severe imbalance of fluid-electrolyte metabolism as the cause of the die-off. These changes [were due] to prolonged hyper-stimulation of the cortex as a result of excessive population density and its resultant social pressures … It was concluded that physiological derangements resulting from high population density produced the observed effects” (Christian, Flyger, & Davis, 1950). As a result of over-crowding in the population’s territory, the deer were subjected to high amounts of stress—biochemically proven when looking at the change is specific hormones produced by the adrenal gland—which led to aggression. The Sika deer began...
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