Gustave Hervé (1871–1944) at the Extremes of the French Third Republic
Appendix A A Sociological and Prosopographic Analysis of the Drafters and Signers of L’Affiche Rouge
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The average age of these antimilitarist activists and leaders was 32.8 years of age. As one might expect, this was much older than typical A.I.A. members cited in other police sources. Seventeen of the thirty-one signers were currently members of the C.G.T. At least fifteen of the militants signing the poster were born in Paris. A surprisingly high number of signers (seven) were foreign born, the sons or daughters of immigrants, or from Algeria. Boche was from Oran and Ryner was from Nemours in Algeria. Almereyda (de Vigo) from Béziers in Herault was variously given a Catalan, Spanish, French, Italian, or Andorran ancestry. Félicie Numietska (Teutscher) was the daughter of Russian Jewish immigrants. Eugène Merle (Merlo) was Italian with a father who had been deported. Bontemps (Bontempi) had Italian immigrant parents. Amilcare Cipriani was from Rimini in Italy, but his true nationality seems to have been the revolution wherever it was taking place. Eugen Weber has noted how Italians, above all other non-French ethnic groups, were the leading oppressed minority in fin-de-siède France.1 There were at least two Bretons: Hervé from Finistère and Le Blavec from Morbihan. If other “minority” elements were represented, it was not immediately decipherable from the report.2
Parisian Police had long studied residential patterns as clues to criminality. In 1905 the police discovered that signers not living with their parents almost all paid yearly rents. If rent were a measure of wealth then the “richest” antimilitarists...
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