Gustave Hervé (1871–1944) at the Extremes of the French Third Republic
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1. James Olney, Metaphors of Self: The Meaning of Autobiography, (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972), 36.
2. Roger Shattuck, The Banquet Years—The Origins of the Avant Garde in France—1885 to World War I, (New York: Vintage Books, 1968 ).
3. Stephane Gerson, Review of Julian Wright, “The Regionalist Movement in France, 1890–1914: Jean Charles-Brun and French Regional Thought,” Journal of Modern History, Vol. 77, No. 3, September 2005, 815.
4. Jonathan Almosnino, Miguel Almereyda (1883–1917) : De l’Anarchisme à l’Union Sacrée, (Saarbrücken, Germany: Éditions universitaires européennes, 2012), 4. Almosnino cited François Dosse, Le Pari biographique: écrire une vie, Paris : Édition la découverte, 2005.
5. Roger Eatwell, “Towards a New Model of Fascism,” Journal of Theoretical Politics 4(2): 165–166, 161–194 (1992). Roger Eatwell stressed how “some fascist leaders were converts from the left, who believed that” World War I had verified that nationalism and not the proletarian revolution “was the great mobilizing myth.” Fascism also “borrowed from left-wing group activity, believing that its message could only be popularized if it moved away from the cadre-elite form of party organization which had characterized most earlier right-wing parties.”
6. Tony Judt, with Timothy Snyder, Thinking the Twentieth Century, (New York: Penguin, 2013 ), 243–244, 343–345, 383–384.
7. Judt, op.cit., 160–178. Judt used Sternhell’s phrase “Neither Left nor Right” and argued that...
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