Al-Jazeera and Qatar’s Soft Power
Appendix A: The Clash-of-Civilizations Theory and Its Discontents
In 1993, political scientist Samuel P. Huntington wrote an article in the journal Foreign Affairs outlining his now-infamous thesis on the clash of civilizations. He later developed his ideas in a book entitled The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, in which he explains in detail how the post–Cold War era will be comprised of a world divided into eight major civilizations, namely, the Sinic, Japanese, Hindu, Islamic, Orthodox, Western, Latin American, and African, all primarily defined by a shared religion and culture. The advancements in travel and communications technology that have shaped the modernized world substantially increase people’s interactions with members of the differing civilizations, resulting in a coinciding shift in the global social structure. Consequently, people face a form of identity crisis searching for a sense of belonging and in turn reattach themselves to a religious group, inviting the rise of a religious resurgence which is especially prevalent among the youth. This trend is said to be particularly true for the Islamic religion.
In this era, conflict is predicted to transpire as a result of direct clashes between these different civilizations, most commonly through fault line wars occurring at the geographic borders at which two or more civilizations meet. Intercivilizational conflict of this sort is highly likely to escalate as participants ← 117 | 118 → rally support from more powerful kin nations from within their civilization, usually from core states, the most powerful and culturally central nations from within each civilization. On...
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