Show Less
Restricted access

The Theory of Social Pulsation


Ivo Komsic

The Theory of Social Pulsation is a new social theory elaborated from the social phenomenology and philosophy of sciences’ standpoint. It represents an innovative interpretation of social phenomena postulated as active states of social actors including individuals, social groups, and social facts (organizations, institutions, systems). As an active state of social actors, pulsation is defined by eight variables that constitute social phenomena as a whole: (a) intention, (b) reaction, (c) reflection, (d) communication, (e) institutionalization, (f) internalization, (g) structuration, and (h) innovation.

Ivo Komsic argues that social states are pulsating and within those states, social causality is transferred from one social actor to another. Social actors continuously transfer social causality from one to another, depending on the intensity of its pulsation. Balanced or unbalanced, functional or dysfunctional, consensual or imposed, a system will be classified in the presence or absence of one of these phenomena, by its greater or lesser intensity. The theory posits a new paradigm that tends to overcome the "eternal" problem in sociology—relations between individuals as social actors and social structure, that is, "social statics" and "social dynamics," the role of the great historical personalities and the "objective law of history," freedom and necessity in social action, micro and macro social levels.

The model of social communication analyzed in the book can be used as a general model of social and political communication, particularly in multiethnic and multicultural societies considering the contemporary state of affairs globally.

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Concluding Remarks


Social pulsation is an active state of all social actors, either as individuals, social groups, or social facts. This is the manner in which they exist and endure. The sociological theory that considers and accepts this idea as a form of existing social phenomena puts us in a new paradigm of researching social facts that prevail over eternal dilemmas of that discipline (the relationship between individuals as social actors and social structures, “social statics” and “social dynamics,” the relationship between great historical personalities and the “objective law of history,” freedom and necessity in social action, micro and macro social levels, etc.). This new paradigm enables the analysis of each social fact and social actor through its own means because each exits and pulsates as such.

Social systems are not perceived as states, as givens without any impulse, as fixed and immutable relationships; they are perceived as systems of social pulsation of social actors, while the actors are individuals as well as all social facts they produce through their actions. This web of pulsation is highly organized since it includes action along both horizontal and vertical planes—rather, it is spherical, it cannot be disclosed linearly (its graph is sinusoid). The theory imposed within this sphere solves previously unsolved, or avoided, social dilemmas. This theory overcomes the dualistic problem of social actors←83 | 84→ and social structures because social structures, or social facts, appear as active, as bearers of social causality, that have merely taken away from...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.