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The Theory of Social Pulsation


Ivo Komsic

The Theory of Social Pulsation is a new social theory elaborated from the social phenomenology and philosophy of sciences’ standpoint. It represents an innovative interpretation of social phenomena postulated as active states of social actors including individuals, social groups, and social facts (organizations, institutions, systems). As an active state of social actors, pulsation is defined by eight variables that constitute social phenomena as a whole: (a) intention, (b) reaction, (c) reflection, (d) communication, (e) institutionalization, (f) internalization, (g) structuration, and (h) innovation.

Ivo Komsic argues that social states are pulsating and within those states, social causality is transferred from one social actor to another. Social actors continuously transfer social causality from one to another, depending on the intensity of its pulsation. Balanced or unbalanced, functional or dysfunctional, consensual or imposed, a system will be classified in the presence or absence of one of these phenomena, by its greater or lesser intensity. The theory posits a new paradigm that tends to overcome the "eternal" problem in sociology—relations between individuals as social actors and social structure, that is, "social statics" and "social dynamics," the role of the great historical personalities and the "objective law of history," freedom and necessity in social action, micro and macro social levels.

The model of social communication analyzed in the book can be used as a general model of social and political communication, particularly in multiethnic and multicultural societies considering the contemporary state of affairs globally.

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Afterword: Nijaz Ibrulj, Phenomenology of Anomalous Causality



Nijaz IbruljPhenomenology of Anomalous Causality

Sociology is a more advanced science than is ordinarily believed, even among sociologists. Perhaps a good criterion of the position of a social scientist in his or her discipline might be how high his idea is of what he must master in order to be abreast of the achievements of his science. The propensity to evolve an unpretentious grasp of your scientific capabilities cannot but increase as your knowledge of the most recent achievements in matters of method, techniques, concepts or theories, grows. But sociology is yet little codified and little formalized.

Pierre Bourdieu, An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology, p. 223


Does sociology expand the theoretical knowledge of social phenomena, or does it merely codify and formalize repeated social practices explored through empirical methods; either way, regardless of whether it deals with social structures, mechanisms, or mere social actors, the term “sociology” legitimately evokes a science of society: a science that reveals the “true logic” and “true nature” of that which we call “society”. However, that which (theoretical) sociologists truly know—or could and should know about a given society in real time and space—cannot be contained in a single universal sociological theory or a single general principle that applies to all theoretically and em←89 | 90→pirically possible (social) worlds, nor for that matter in a single extensive discipline derived from such a principle. Only together can social sciences and the...

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