A Primer for the Theory of Knowledge
Chapter 23. The Anthomorphic Contextuality of Science
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THE ANTHOMORPHIC CONTEXTUALITY OF SCIENCE
Factual knowledge about how things stand in the world has to be based on “the data”: the information provided or suggested by experience. But there can—and presumably will be—very different modes of experience, different ways of interacting with the world depending on the modes of monitoring nature’s processes that are at the disposal of the agent.
Different forms of intelligent beings whose modes of relating to their environment differ from ours are bound to develop very different theories of Nature, very different views of reality because they obtain a different views of the world. The idea that when the object of investigation is the same, the relevant findings must be the same is highly problematic and the “one world, one science” argument deeply fallacious.1 Alien beings live in common world but are bound to arrive at very different conceptions of it—all in principle rationally warranted by premises acceptable to those practitioners on the basis of their experience. The situation is governed by the fundamental principle that: The different data available to different investigators provide premises that warrant different conclusions.
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