Show Less
Restricted access

Harmony and Exchange

Toward a Legoic Society


Nick Mehrdad Loghmani and Ramin Jahanbegloo

This book examines two main concepts – harmony and exchange – in relation to the social, political, economic, and cultural dimensions of human life. As such, what differentiates humans from other living species are the possibility of understanding a context and the willingness to collaborate and create complex models of exchange. Specifically, emotion and intellect are established as fundamental dimensions of our being which play key roles in exchange with others and dealing with our environment.

This text provides a new perspective that examines «being and becoming» in a multidimensional exchange framework, concentrating on the analysis of a utilitarian society which reduces human beings to operators and servants of techno-scientific machinery. This approach to validity demands conformity to social and political norms which have lost touch with the intellectual and emotional expressions of the citizens of the world, resulting in an environment of alienation, violence, and subordination of humans to meaningless institutions and positivistic ideologies. The quest for true harmony and collaborative exchange in contemporary societies requires the recognition of multiple sites of subjectivity, self-certainty, and global domination of techno-scientific rationality. This book’s primary application towards a Legoic society is built on a critical pedagogy committed to dialogue and exchange, and is an environment that is accompanied by the process of development of a critical consciousness based on new systems of agency, moving toward a fundamentally non-reductionist praxis of the socio-political dimension of living together.

Show Summary Details
Restricted access



Harmonic theory provides a framework that reconciles ideas and provides an objective and inclusive approach to comprehend the world and our existence, away from pitfalls of dogmatism and monistic perspective of ideology. It is a model for collaboration and multi-dimensional exchange, one that is not trapped by utilitarian and prescriptive view of the world. It also goes beyond the representation of human beings and their interactions with the world as economic statistics. Therefore, the choice of the name ‘harmonic theory’ is not accidental. It is a tribute to music because a truly multi-dimensional form of art is capable of almost instant multi-dimensional exchange: one which can be enriched through collaboration and diversity and is best heard when carefully harmonized. The social harmony that this theory suggests can be compared to an ensemble of musicians, where voluntary participation of autonomous players in an exchange universe creates a work that is more valuable than their individual sums.

Like an orchestral ensemble, society risks turning into a cacophony and chaos if exchange is disrupted. Moreover, like a symphony, a society is comprised of autonomous individuals with mutual social interests forming a contract that acts as the harmonizer. This social contract allows citizens to maximize their potentials and enrich their exchange universe through ← 97 | 98 → diversification of ideas and removing obstacles to exchange. No symphony can intellectually and emotionally connect with its audience if it is a monotone. Likewise, enriching an exchange universe in all of its dimensions is a...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.