Show Less
Restricted access

The Embedding Apparatus

Media Surveillance during the Iraq War


Aimé-Jules Bizimana

When the war in Iraq began in 2003, the issue of the special status accorded to journalists covering the military operations arose quite naturally. Promising innovation, the Pentagon’s announcement that they would integrate hundreds of journalists into combat units—what has been known as embedding—attracted the attention of the international media and other observers. How would this be different from previous interactions between the military and the media?

The Embedding Apparatus explains the functioning of the informational control apparatus at work during the Iraq War and the relationships between embedded journalists and the military in the American army’s area of operations. The concept of the apparatus guides this case study, one that brings together the experiences of almost forty participants, journalists and military personnel. The study borrows Michel Foucault’s modern surveillance mechanisms of the disciplinary apparatus and the panoptic apparatus, bringing embedded journalism into close contact with the ubiquitous and flexible surveillance that characterizes the "control society." The author exposes a new embedding apparatus where the power relations between journalists and the military are at play, an apparatus operating within a circumscribed space where all of a journalist’s movements, reporting, behavior and communications are surveilled.

This book offers a fresh insight into this important issue and will certainly be of interest worldwide to scholars and students as well as media and military practitioners interested in this topic. Embedded journalism is studied from a new angle, one related to the broader context of surveillance in contemporary society.

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Thematic bibliography


Control, apparatus, and surveillance

AGAMBEN, Giorgio, What is an apparatus? Trans. David Kishik and Stefan Pedatella. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 2009.

AGAMBEN, Giorgio, État d’exception, Homo sacer II, 1. Translated from Italian by Joël Gayraud, Paris, Seuil, coll.“L’ordre philosophique,” 2003.

AGAMBEN, Giorgio, Homo sacer, le pouvoir souverain et la vie nue, Paris, Seuil, coll. “L’ordre philosophique,” 1995.

ALTHUSSER, Louis, “Idéologie et appareils idéologiques d’État,” La Pensée, No. 151, May to June, 1970, p. 3–38.

BEAULIEU, Alain (Ed.), Michel Foucault et le contrôle social, Québec, Les Presses de l’Université Laval, coll. “Mercure du Nord,” 2005.

BENTHAM, Jeremy, Le panoptique précédé de l’œil du pouvoir-un entretien avec Michel Foucault. Postface de Michelle Perrot, Paris, Belfond, 1977.

BIGO, Didier, “Le visa Schengen et le recours à la biométrie», In Xavier Crettiez and Pierre Piazza (Eds.), Du papier à la biométrie. Identifier les individus, Paris, Les Presses de Sciences Po, coll. “ Sociétés en mouvement», 2006, p. 237–267.

BURROUGHS, William S., Essais II, Translated by Gérard-Georges Lemaire and Philippe Mikriammos, Paris, Christian Bourgois, 1981.←155 | 156→

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.