Investigating the occupation of Massalia territory before the foundation of the Greek city to the Roman period, these findings provide an overview of the diverse issues behind the circulations between Greeks from Phocaea and Celtic populations. This reflection on a key region of the Euro-Mediterranean space rests on the analysis of archaeological findings, including: urban excavations, spatial studies, analysis of necropolis, submarine remains, paleo-environmental data, and reviewing the ancient literary documentation. These new and innovative findings in Greek Marseille and Mediterranean Celtic Region will be of particular interest to both students and scholars exploring the political, economic and cultural fields of relationships between the Greek migrants and the populations they started to meet at the end of the seventh century BC.
5. The Sources of Greek Marseille and of Its Territory: The Ethnica of Stephanus of Byzantium and the Lexicographical References (Marc Bouiron)
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5. The Sources of Greek Marseille and of Its Territory: The Ethnica of Stephanus of Byzantium and the Lexicographical References
The Ethnica of Stephanus of Byzantium form an indispensable book when we study the references of the ancient authors relating to places known or inhabited in Antiquity. This lexicon with geographical character has indeed kept a single piece of information. In the context of the study of Marseille and its territory, it seems important to analyse the notice of Massalia as it has been preserved, and beyond, to examine a few references related to the Massaliot territory. However, taking into account the numerous references made to the lexicon of the Ethnica without the authors knowing its nature exactly, it has appeared necessary, first of all, to describe the nature of the book transmitted to us, to understand the way this text has been abbreviated and how Stephanus of Byzantium designed his Ethnica. This reflection takes place in the wider context of a PhD thesis on “Stephanus Byzantinus as a source for Western Europe”, under the direction of Arnaud Zucker (CEPAM-UNS) and Dominique Garcia (CCJ-AMU), wherein we shall find a far more detailed argumentation.
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