Investigating the occupation of Massalia territory before the foundation of the Greek city to the Roman period, these findings provide an overview of the diverse issues behind the circulations between Greeks from Phocaea and Celtic populations. This reflection on a key region of the Euro-Mediterranean space rests on the analysis of archaeological findings, including: urban excavations, spatial studies, analysis of necropolis, submarine remains, paleo-environmental data, and reviewing the ancient literary documentation. These new and innovative findings in Greek Marseille and Mediterranean Celtic Region will be of particular interest to both students and scholars exploring the political, economic and cultural fields of relationships between the Greek migrants and the populations they started to meet at the end of the seventh century BC.
6. Territories of the Massaliot Identity: Conservatism or Political and Moral Loosening? (Sophie Bouffier / Emmanuèle Caire)
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6. Territories of the Massaliot Identity: Conservatism or Political and Moral Loosening?
SOPHIE BOUFFIER AND EMMANUÈLE CAIRE
The political and social history of Massalia has given rise to few works, if not in older times in more general syntheses, such as that of Michel Clerc (Clerc 1927–1929) or of Monique Clavel-Lévêque who sought to explain the political regime of the city by the commercial specialisation of its elites (Clavel-Lévêque 1977), or in articles centred on the specificity of the Phocaean expansion and settlements (Lepore 1970), and whose purpose was to detect a possible Phocaean identity and a socio-political link between the metropole and its colony. More recently, a few synthesis pages can be found in the monograph of Antoine Hermary, Antoinette Hesnard and Henri Tréziny (Hermary, Hesnard & Tréziny 1999), and in the Carte Archéologique de la Gaule (Collin Bouffier 2005). The main reason for this apparent lack of interest is the lacunar character of documentation and, consequently, without our being able to see a causal effect, the mostly archaeological orientation of research on Marseille in the twentieth and in the beginning of twenty-first century. We may quote as an example the recent comment on book 4 of the Geography of Strabo who does not expand on that subject in the chapter dedicated to Marseille (Thollard 2009, 209–234). The purpose of our contribution therefore in this volume will thus be...
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