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Greek Marseille and Mediterranean Celtic Region


Sophie Bouffier and Dominique Garcia

This unique collection of essays contains a synthesis of recent works by distinguished archaeologists and historians in their field, illuminating extensive research in the Southern Gaul and on the territory of the Greek city of Marseille.
Investigating the occupation of Massalia territory before the foundation of the Greek city to the Roman period, these findings provide an overview of the diverse issues behind the circulations between Greeks from Phocaea and Celtic populations. This reflection on a key region of the Euro-Mediterranean space rests on the analysis of archaeological findings, including: urban excavations, spatial studies, analysis of necropolis, submarine remains, paleo-environmental data, and reviewing the ancient literary documentation. These new and innovative findings in Greek Marseille and Mediterranean Celtic Region will be of particular interest to both students and scholars exploring the political, economic and cultural fields of relationships between the Greek migrants and the populations they started to meet at the end of the seventh century BC.
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8. At the Frontiers of Massalian Territory: Greek and Indigenous Rhythms from the Seventh to Second Century BC (Loup Bernard / Sophie Bouffier / Delphine Isoardi)


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8.  At the Frontiers of Massalian Territory: Greek and Indigenous Rhythms from the Seventh to Second Century BC


The cove of Vieux Port, where the Phocaeans settled in the late seventh century BC, is inserted into a coastal plain of 180Km2, watered by the Huveaune, descending from the plain of Aubagne to the East, and its tributary the Jarret, and by the course of the Aygalades descending from the North of the basin. The peculiarity of this relatively fertile alluvial plain lies in that it is fairly closed and protected from within, because it is surrounded by hilly mountains, that of Nerthe in the North, of l’Etoile and the Garlaban in the Northeast, of Carpiagne, of St. Cyr and of Marseilleveyre in the South. Its only easy opening towards the hinterland lies in the East at the Penne sur-Huveaune, towards the plain of Aubagne, the natural receptacle of the Huveaune (Fig. 1), and point of outlet towards the Inland communities. This territory represents the natural area of Marseille, which can be operated according to the economic guidelines of the Greek city.

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