Investigating the occupation of Massalia territory before the foundation of the Greek city to the Roman period, these findings provide an overview of the diverse issues behind the circulations between Greeks from Phocaea and Celtic populations. This reflection on a key region of the Euro-Mediterranean space rests on the analysis of archaeological findings, including: urban excavations, spatial studies, analysis of necropolis, submarine remains, paleo-environmental data, and reviewing the ancient literary documentation. These new and innovative findings in Greek Marseille and Mediterranean Celtic Region will be of particular interest to both students and scholars exploring the political, economic and cultural fields of relationships between the Greek migrants and the populations they started to meet at the end of the seventh century BC.
15. Protohistoric Mediterranean Gaul as a Middle Ground (Michel Bats)
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15. Protohistoric Mediterranean Gaul as a Middle Ground
For me, middle ground is not a performative concept, or a new example of contact. It is rather the label for a type of gathering still in progress at a given time, in a given context, a kind of “in between” (White 1991; Malkin 2011). I therefore consider this middle ground a virtual sphere that includes several actual and ever-evolving social spheres (economical, political, linguistic and cultural), and, that is, as such, never completed regarding the continuous construction of its constituents. These interconnected spheres, which correspond to the various social relationships, both between groups and with the outer world, compose “chains of society within which interact all social actors” (Amselle 1985).
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