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Gender and Violence in Spanish Culture

From Vulnerability to Accountability

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Edited By María José Gámez Fuentes and Rebeca Maseda García

For the true exercise of citizenship to occur, gender violence must be eradicated, as it is not an interpersonal problem, but an attack on the very concept of democracy. Despite increasing social awareness and legal measures taken to fight gender violence, it is still prevalent worldwide. Even in a country such as Spain, praised in the UN Handbook for Legislation on Violence Against Women (2010) for its advanced approach on gender violence, the legal framework has proved insufficient and deeper sociocultural changes are needed. This book presents, in this respect, groundbreaking investigations in the realm of politics, activism, and cultural production that offer both a complex picture of the agents involved in its transformation and a nuanced panorama of initiatives that subvert the normative framework of recognition of victims of gender violence. As a result, the book chapters articulate a construction of the victim as a subject that reflects and acts upon his/her experience and vulnerability, and also adopt perspectives that frame accountability within the representational tradition, the community, and the state.

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Chapter Twelve: No More Victims: Changing the Script (Rebeca Maseda García / María José Gámez Fuentes)

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chapter twelve

No More Victims

Changing the Script

Rebeca Maseda García and María José Gámez Fuentes

The existence of socially, politically, and economically disadvantaged groups has historically prompted a differential distribution of vulnerability which has materialized in concrete violence. Regarding vulnerability before gender-based violence, the feminist movement has been the chief driving force in the struggle against it to date. Its relentless work has led to a social change regarding women’s rights to the extent that issues such as equal pay, domestic violence, the right to choose, and harassment are now vastly addressed in political life and the media. Within the Spanish feminist movement the internal theoretical debates, as well as the influence of sound theorists coming from the feminist movement who dedicated their strengths to clarify both feminist thought and demands, were, in this respect, decisive factors in the social change. So were also the positive relations, or at least “the close relations,” between theorists, academics who implemented the centers for Feminist Studies, feminist politicians, and a significant part of the feminist movement, as Ana De Miguel describes in her chapter in this volume.

Spain’s political initiatives to eradicate gender violence culminated with the gender-based violence act passed in 2004. Internationally it was a pioneering law, which represented a milestone in the care of battered women, and those considered being most at risk. However, this dissemination of the perception of feminist success concealed a reality for...

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