This book provides a deeper understanding of the phone-based composing practices of youth and their implications for literacy learning. In the United States, smartphone use among teens is nearly universal, yet many youth who are avid digital composers still struggle with formal schooled literacy. The widespread and rapid embrace of smartphones by youth from all income levels has had a substantial impact on the way that young people approach the act of composing, yet to date, little to no work has explored digital photography and text curation through popular apps like Twitter and Instagram and their impact on literacy, including formal schooled literacy. As more schools are moving to Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) models and lifting classroom bans on cellphones, classroom teachers need information about the affordances of phones for formal literacy learning, which this book provides.
This book will also be of interest to those in courses in the fields of education, new literacies, cultural studies/youth culture, literacy studies, communication arts, and anthropology of education/social sciences. This book could be used in a course on online/Internet ethnography. It could also be used in a more general research methods course to illustrate the combination of online and offline data collection. Outside of research methods courses, it could be used in courses on literacies, digital literacies, youth culture, popular culture and media, or mobile learning.
Chapter 6. Mobile Phones and Visual Communication
Mobile Phones and Visual Communication
The ability to share photographs and other visual media, send small pictograms (e.g., emoji), and the appearance of camera-first applications like Instagram and Snapchat (which, for adolescents, have increasingly come to eclipse the use of verbocentric applications like Facebook and Twitter), has meant that mobile phone-based communication has become progressively more visual and multimodal. This chapter explores some of the practices in which the participants in this study engaged as well as some of the larger cultural practices encouraged by mobile phones wherein visual modes of communication are front and center such as emoji, selfies, GIFs, and lifestreaming on Instagram and Snapchat.
Keywords: Emoji, visual communication, Snapchat, Instagram, selfies, multimodality, lifestreaming, GIFs
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