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Communities for Social Change

Practicing Equality and Social Justice in Youth and Community Work

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Annette Coburn and Sinéad Gormally

Communities for Social Change: Practicing Equality and Social Justice in Youth and Community Work examines core ideas of social justice and equality that underpin community and youth work. It informs understanding of a range of community concepts and practices that are used to identify practical skills and characteristics that can help to promote equality by challenging injustice. Working with people in different types of community can bring the kind of social change that makes a real and lasting difference. Although justice is a contested notion, Annette Coburn and Sinéad Gormally assert that it is closely interlinked with human rights and equality. A critical examination of contemporary literature draws on educational, sociological, and psychological perspectives, to set community practices within a context for learning that is conversational, critical and informal. Social justice is about identifying and seeking to address structural disadvantage, discrimination, and inequality. The authors assert that by refocusing on process, participation, and collective rights, it is possible to create and sustain social justice. Transformative research paradigms help to produce findings that inspire and underpin political social action, and an analysis of practice-based examples supports the promotion of increased critical consciousness. This makes Communities for Social Change a must-read for anyone studying or teaching community youth work or who is working in communities or with individuals who experience oppression or inequality. If you are committed to teaching and learning about theory and practice that promotes social change for equality and social justice, you will not be disappointed!

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Chapter 4: Community

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COMMUNITY

Introduction

This chapter discusses what is meant by community as the context for community practitioners working with people to advance the cause of social justice and equality. It explores the nature and purpose of community as a means of creating identity and cohesion (Cohen 1985; Delanty, 2005) among people who define boundaries in order to make sense of their world. The impact of globalisation and the market with its links to social capital are also critiqued. The chapter uses bricolage as a frame for unifying early and contemporary constructions of community as a system for connectedness and cohesion. This shows that community takes differing forms, including geographical or physical spaces, on-line or virtual communities, and community as social practices (Delanty, 2009; Ledwith, 2011; Shaw and Crowther, 2013; Wenger, 1998).

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