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The Inclusive Vision

Essays in Honor of Larry Gross


Edited By Paul Messaris and David W. Park

Larry Gross is one of the most influential figures in the history of media studies. In this collection of original essays, his former students reflect on his groundbreaking contributions to three major developments: the emergence of visual studies as a distinct field of media theory and research; the analysis of media fiction as a symbol of power structures and a perpetuator of social inequalities; and the growing scholarly attention to the relationships between mass media and sexual minorities.

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2. Photographic Art in the Age of Digital Image-Making (Dona Schwartz)


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2. Photographic Art in the Age of Digital Image-Making


Photographic image-making takes place in a wide array of social, cultural, institutional and economic contexts. Among picture making media, photography is arguably the most accessible—more so now than ever before. If I define a “camera” as any device that produces photographs, then I can write with some confidence that most readers of this chapter routinely have a camera close at hand and use it frequently. The marriage of the lens and the smartphone has expanded what we consider to be a camera, and for many photographers it has changed the routines that characterize the practice of photographic image-making. I am using the term “photographer” broadly to refer to anyone making a lens-based still image, no matter what device they may employ. While I use the term to embrace those who engage in a wide range of photographic activities, others may not be so generous, narrowly applying the designation “photographer” to a subset of all camera users—an issue to which I will return later in this chapter. Not only do we keep cameras close at hand, but we also have mobile access to the digital version of a light table we can use to review and select amongst the pictures we’ve made. Our phone’s repository of image files can be called up at will, along with a digital darkroom—the increasingly sophisticated image editing apps that comprise...

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