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The Dark Side of Media and Technology

A 21st Century Guide to Media and Technological Literacy

Edited By Edward Downs

The Dark Side of Media and Technology: A 21st Century Guide to Media and Technological Literacy is Herculean in its effort to survey for landmines in a rapidly changing media landscape. The book identifies four dark outcomes related to media and technology use in the 21st century, and balances the dark side with four points of light that are the keys to taking ownership of a media- and technology-saturated world. The text contains an impressive list of multi-disciplinary experts and cutting-edge researchers who approach 25 separate dark side issues with concise, highly readable chapters, replete with unique recommendations for navigating our mediated present and future.

The Dark Side of Media and Technology is grounded in theory and current research, but possesses an appeal similar to a page-turning dystopian novel; as a result, this volume should be of interest to scholars, students, and curious lay-readers alike. It should be the "go-to" text for anyone who is interested in learning what the research says about how we use media and technology, as well as how media and technology use us.

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Chapter Thirteen: Image-Based Sexual Abuse: It’s Not Revenge and It’s Not Porn (Amy Adele Hasinoff)

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CHAPTER THIRTEEN

Image-Based Sexual Abuse

It’s Not Revenge and It’s Not Porn

AMY ADELE HASINOFF



Many people choose to share personal sexual images with partners via mobile phone or other technologies. This practice is called sexting, and research suggests that around one-third of older teens and well over half of young adults sext (Klettke, Hallford, & Mellor, 2014). Around 90% of sexters report that their recipients have never distributed their images.1 But when people choose to share or post another person’s private sexual images without permission, this is a form of sexual violence widely known as revenge porn.

Victims of revenge porn report negative effects on their careers and ongoing stalking, harassment, threats, and blackmail; as a result, they often have intense feelings of fear, anxiety, emotional distress, depression, and shame (Citron & Franks, 2014; Lenhart, Ybarra, & Price-Feeney, 2016; Wolak & Finkelhor, 2016). Research has found that around 2%–8% of all adults report that someone shared their private sexual images without permission and a further 5%–6% have experienced threats to distribute images (Eaton, Jacobs, & Ruvalcaba, 2017; Lenhart et al., 2016). Rates of victimization are up to five times higher for women than for men (Wolak & Finkelhor, 2016). While networked digital media make this form of harm easier to commit and amplify the potential for damage, this phenomenon is not entirely new—for example, Hustler was successfully sued in 1984 for...

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