The Integration of Knowledge explores a theory of human knowledge through a model of rationality combined with some fundamental logical, mathematical, physical and neuroscientific considerations. Its ultimate goal is to present a philosophical system of integrated knowledge, in which the different domains of human understanding are unified by common conceptual structures, such that traditional metaphysical and epistemological questions may be addressed in light of these categories. Philosophy thus becomes a "synthesizer" of human knowledge, through the imaginative construction of categories and questions that may reproduce and even expand the conceptual chain followed by nature and thought, in an effort to organize the results of the different branches of knowledge by inserting them in a broader framework.
4. The Epistemological Dimensions of the Scientific Enterprise
4 The Epistemological Dimensions of the Scientific Enterprise
4.1 Logical and Ontological Continuity in Nature
The human mind can always conceive of an object, or a sum of objects, as a unitary whole, as a class. Therefore, no aprioristic reason prevents us from considering all phenomena susceptible to analysis as a vast continuum that the mind apprehends on the grounds of identical logical parameters. It is the task of a theory of knowledge to elucidate these parameters, so as to propose a unifying global framework, or a common thread of rationality in which information can be organized within a system, the internal logic of which models the external logic provided by the world itself.
To achieve this goal, it becomes imperative to pose the question concerning the association between the laws of the physical universe, carefully unraveled by science, and the laws of logic that govern human thought. Clarifying the relation between both orders, that of nature and that of logic, will help us to elaborate a theory of knowledge intended to constitute a form of metaphysics, by studying the basic conditions of reality examined by science according to the canons of thought.
Indeed, from a purely philosophical perspective it can be peacefully accepted that there is a logical and ontological continuity between the objects of study ←177 | 178→that have traditionally corresponded to the domain of philosophy, in particular to those of ontology and metaphysical thinking, and the realm of the...
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