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The Integration of Knowledge


Carlos Blanco

The Integration of Knowledge explores a theory of human knowledge through a model of rationality combined with some fundamental logical, mathematical, physical and neuroscientific considerations. Its ultimate goal is to present a philosophical system of integrated knowledge, in which the different domains of human understanding are unified by common conceptual structures, such that traditional metaphysical and epistemological questions may be addressed in light of these categories. Philosophy thus becomes a "synthesizer" of human knowledge, through the imaginative construction of categories and questions that may reproduce and even expand the conceptual chain followed by nature and thought, in an effort to organize the results of the different branches of knowledge by inserting them in a broader framework.

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6. On the Mechanisms of the Human Mind


6 On the Mechanisms of the Human Mind

6.1 Philosophy and Neurobiology

Any attempt at formulating a theory of knowledge relies upon a concept of mind and a model capable of depicting its most relevant operations. While for a long time it could seem that the sole goal of epistemology consisted in unveiling the logic of science, and therefore the validity of scientific reasoning as such, today it is clear that there is an even deeper question that needs to be posed: how is it that the human mind is capable of elaborating scientific reasoning? What is, after all, the neurobiological basis of our extraordinary ability for elaborating complex scientific arguments, the explanatory power of which has revealed astonishing amounts of information about the universe?

In the end, any formulation of a philosophy of science presupposes an idea of knowledge. Hence, it can be said that it points, at a deeper level, to a conception of the human mind and a model capable of explaining how it works. Thus, the relation between the brain and the mind, the frontier that separates the natural sciences from the human and social disciplines, represents one of the deepest challenges for any project aimed at the integration of knowledge.

Allegorically, it can be argued that in the physical realm the “interest” of matter is to conserve the total amount of energy-momentum in the universe. The law of extreme action, and its manifestations through the different conservation...

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