The Integration of Knowledge explores a theory of human knowledge through a model of rationality combined with some fundamental logical, mathematical, physical and neuroscientific considerations. Its ultimate goal is to present a philosophical system of integrated knowledge, in which the different domains of human understanding are unified by common conceptual structures, such that traditional metaphysical and epistemological questions may be addressed in light of these categories. Philosophy thus becomes a "synthesizer" of human knowledge, through the imaginative construction of categories and questions that may reproduce and even expand the conceptual chain followed by nature and thought, in an effort to organize the results of the different branches of knowledge by inserting them in a broader framework.
9. Knowledge and the Development of the Human Mind
9 Knowledge and the Development of the Human Mind
9.1 Technology, Ideas and Social Change
Evolution has granted the human brain a remarkably wide range of flexibility. Indeed, the possibility of a hiatus between the reception of a stimulus and the emission of a response stands as a powerful neurobiological basis of our aesthetic and intellectual creativity. In the words of Joaquín Fuster, “the liberty to create is a result of the immense plasticity with which evolution has endowed the human brain.”1 The power of self-reflection stems, to a large extent, from such a relative and growing indeterminacy favored by an organization as malleable as that of the human brain. For I cannot “come back to myself,” as the classical understanding of consciousness demands, if I am obliged to respond immediately to any stimulus stemming from the external world. Thus, I cannot exhibit a truly creative behavior if I do not enjoy independence of the world.
Only a deeper understanding of how memory, information, emotions and the parallel processing of mental activity converge will allow us to gain a deeper insight into the nature of human creativity, capable of transcending the traditional antagonism between an idealized depiction of genius and a more naturalistic framework for explaining the conditions behind the genesis of novel products in the human spirit. While we lack a precise neurobiological model of the exact ←449 | 450→mechanism through which a new idea emerges, it is reasonable to expect...
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