Performance and Embodied Politics in Favela Funk
Chapter Three: Femininities on Display: Transgression and the Body in Performance
Even though funkeiras face similar systemic barriers as a group, they are not a monolithic unit. Mainstream media, governments, and academia insist on constructing funkeiras homogeneously, but their performative styles are actually diverse. The many ways funkeiras perform femininities are not only affirming of their positions as marginal artists, as women and travestis of color, and as poor individuals but are also in constant negotiation with normative white femininity and white cisheteropatriarchy, and differences in race and gender identity play an important part in the level of conformity funkeiras might try to enact. In this chapter, I discuss how the intersections of gender, race, and class shape funkeiras’ transgressive embodiments of femininities. First, I make a brief note on the concepts of performance and transgression this analysis espouses. Then, I shed light on funkeiras’ reflections on the material and symbolic aspects of their performances of racialized femininities on and off stage, such as clothing, body shape, and occupation in the movement (MC, dancer, or both) in connection with issues of morality. I end this chapter with further illustrations of ←77 | 78→funkeiras’ varied ways of transgressing normative white femininity in performance.
The study of performance (and of identity as performance) is central to marginalized communities, as it offers an alternative to other ways of thinking that position identity and representation as exclusively symbolic and fixed.1 Madison and Hamera add that, more than referring exclusively to theatrics, performance is conceptualized as “ways of comprehending how human beings fundamentally make...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.