4. The Taef Republic
This chapter examines the factors that led to declining domestic support for the belligerents. The external factors facilitating a settlement are examined in terms of the waning Palestinian–Israeli conflict, the growing Syrian influence, and the end of the Cold War. The Taef Agreement, electoral reform and the remaining political, economic, and security contentions are analyzed. The chapter looks in detail at the UNSC Resolutions concerning Lebanon and examines more contemporary events, such as the 2006 war and the crisis of 2008 leading up to the Doha Agreement.
Prelude to the Taef Agreement
Declining Domestic Support for Belligerents
By 1987, exhaustion had not only overwhelmed the fighting sides but had also drained any genuine public support for the battling forces. Public mobilization across the sectarian divide was growing increasingly hostile to militia rule, while reaching out for civil unity across the Green Line.1 It had become evident that an imminent victory was far from being attainable by any rival group. Worse, the parties had become convinced that neither side was capable of sustaining self-rule ←53 | 54→without risking internal disputes and deepening fragmentation. Two major invasions by the Syrian and Israeli armies failed to change the course of the war in favor of either side. A stalemate was reached after more than 100,000 people had lost their lives, half the population had been displaced, and the entire public infrastructure was destroyed. Thus, an alternative arrangement became urgent, not only to end the war...
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