5. The Doha Republic
This chapter offers a close examination of the Doha Agreement, giving illustrative abstracts of its clauses. The effect of the agreement on the power-sharing arrangement within Lebanon is analyzed in terms of the appointment of the president, formation of a national unity government, and the new electoral law. The collapse of the Doha Agreement in 2011 and the subsequent collapse of another convocational arrangement are also examined.
The Lebanese National Dialogue Conference
On May 5, 2008, the government of Lebanon passed two decisions, to shut down Hezbollah’s telecommunication networks and relieve General Wafik Shkair from his post as security chief at the Rafic al-Hariri International Airport because of alleged ties to Hezbollah. The decisions were deemed by Hezbollah and the National Opposition as acts of hostility against the resistance, causing massive riots that would eventually turn into an outright civil strife and armed clashes between factions.1 On May 13, 2008, the Lebanese Army intervened to defuse tensions and prevent further fighting. The intervention failed and the army withdrew, fearing splits within its own rank.2 An Arab diplomatic delegation traveled ←75 | 76→to Lebanon to arbitrate an end to the conflict, and a deal was reached between the reluctant pro-government factions and the opposition to negotiate and reverse the decisions that sparked the conflict. This was associated with an invitation to Qatar, by its prince Sheikh Hamad Al Thani for all factional leaders to meet in Doha. On May 15, 2008, a delegation of pro-government and opposition...
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