Black Manhood and Masculinities in the U.S. Context
Black Men's Studies offers an approach to understanding the lives and the self determination of men of African descent in the U.S. context. It not only frames their experiences, it also explores the multidimensional approaches to advancing the lives of Black men. Particular attention is given to placing Black men in their own unique historical, cultural, and socio-political contexts.
Chapter 2 Black Males, Racial Identity, and Anti-Black Maleness
Black Males, Racial Identity, and Anti-Black Maleness
Black males stand to draw their greatest source of power from their racial/ethnic identity and solidarity. Yet the opposition and hostility they are confronted with are a direct consequence of the threat they pose to people who benefit from efforts to subordinate Black males. They experience anti-Black maleness which is not only racism but includes a specific kind and level of hostility that the world has reserved for Black men and boys. To perceive this experience, it is important to gain a clear understanding of the various types of racism that confront Black people in general, and how Black males have experienced it both similarly and differently than their female counterparts. This chapter focuses primarily on the unique ways that Black males are impacted by anti-Black-male racism and the tools and steps that have proven effective in maintaining the success, health, and well-being of Black men and boys in hostile, anti-Black male environments.
Race is a socially and culturally defined concept; far more than a biological reference, Black identified people have defined Blackness beyond the ways that Whites have imposed racial designations on them. Blackness is determined by the worldview of those who claim it as their identity (Johnson & Cuyjet, 2009). Blackness for Black people who self-identify as such may mean common history, common struggle/resilience, community, common region or nation or origin, pride, culture, ancestry, values, ideals, identity, and/or physical appearance (Markus & Moya,...
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